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    [School Desegregation]. Group of Documents Regarding the Desegregation of Schools. Comprised of five documents spanning the years 1956 through 1960. Included is a Typed Letter from A. R. Meadows, two pages, 8.5" x 11", Montgomery, August 29, 1957. Meadows, state superintendent of education, is here urging "Negro parents to agree with their local boards of education in the school placement of their children" and warning that "any refusal on your part to abide by the decision of your local board of education in the school placement of your child will be in direct opposition to the will of all of the parents and all of the children who have been patronizing or attending the school in which you attempt to enroll your child to the decision of the local board of education." [and:] Anna Holden, Bonita Valien, Preston Valien. A Tentative Description and Analysis of the School Desegregation Crisis in Clinton, Tennessee. Twenty pages (recto only), 8.5" x 14", Nashville [Tennessee], December 1, 1956, "Published by the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith in cooperation with The Society for the Study of Social Problems." The study, which includes a background on the community of Clinton, Tennessee, a timeline of school desegregation from 1940 until September 11, 1956, an overview of opinions and attitudes toward desegregation by the community (including the press, public officials, law enforcement, etc.), was carried out by research sociologists Anna Holden and Preston and Bonita Valien of Fisk University. The study concludes with lessons from Clinton's experience.

    With: [Alabama Council on Human Relations]. Newsletter. Alabama Council. Vol. 6, No. 2. Three pages, 8.5" x 14". Distributed by the Alabama Council on Human Relations in February 1960, the newsletter features a two and one-half page article on the Justice Department's decision to integrate a school in Huntsville. According to the ACHR, they were founded in 1954 for "discussion and action on issues of racial and economic justice and educational opportunity." One of the early goals of the ACHR was the desegregation of Alabama's schools. Moderately stained along the upper edge. [and:] [Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom]. Ralph D. Abernathy Typed Appeal. One page, 8.5" x 11", New York, May 8, 1957. Held on the third anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education which declared school segregation unconstitutional, the Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom was held at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., on May 17, 1957. The appeal asks for people to attend the demonstration or, if that is not possible, contribute by finding people who can attend or making a financial donation. The event is noted as the occasion for Dr. King's "Give Us the Ballot" speech. From the Maude Ballou Civil Rights Papers.

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    April, 2014
    3rd Thursday
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