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    The State of Georgia v. Ulysses S. Grant, et al.

    [Reconstruction]. Supreme Court Bill: The State of Georgia against Ulysses S. Grant, George G. Meade, Thomas H. Ruger, and Charles F. Rockwell and related documents. In 1867, the State of Georgia called for a constitutional convention in order to rewrite the constitution in order to extend the right to vote to black males. Governor Charles J. Jenkins, an outspoken opponent of the Fourteenth Amendment who had tried to persuade the Supreme Court to issue an injunction against the Reconstruction Act, was ordered by Gen. George Meade, who was then military commander of Georgia, to pay $40,000 to fund the constitutional convention so as to rewrite the constitution to comply with the federal requirements. Jenkins refused and both he and state treasurer John Jones were removed, by Meade, from office. Both men fled the state and took with them $400,000 from the state treasury, which they deposited in a bank in New York. Jenkins and Jones were replaced by Gen. Thomas Ruger, who served six months as provisional governor, and Charles F. Rockwell, who served as provisional treasurer. Believing he was wrongly, and illegally, ousted, Jenkins filed a bill with the U. S. Supreme Court in the name of the State of Georgia against Ulysses S. Grant, George G. Meade, Thomas H. Ruger, and Charles F. Rockwell alleging that they had illegally seized not only the Governor's office, but also a "valuble [sic] railroad beginning at Atlanta...and extending to Chattanooga...which was laid out and built entirely by the complainant [State of Georgia]" and they had further used the profits from the railroad "about the sum of three hundred and fifty thousand dollars...to the payment of interest on the State debt; to the salaries of officers, workmen and other servants of State; to the maintenance of the Lunatic Asylum , the Academy for the Blind, the Academy for the Deaf and Dumb, to the annual endowment of the State University, and to other purposes for which it was the duty of the State to provide." The Supreme Court, during its December 1867 term, threw out the bill, titled 73 U.S. 241, citing a lack of jurisdiction. Ten printed pages in booklet form, 6.75" x 10.5", printed in New York by The United States Printing Company, 1868, bound together with a handwritten summons, two integral pages, 8" x 12.25", March 25, 1868, and a handwritten testimony certifying "that the foregoing [bill] is a true copy."

    With a Charles J. Jenkins Letter Signed as Governor. Two integral pages, 7.5" x 9.5", Milledgeville, January, 17, 1868, to Thomas Ruger regarding his removal as governor as a formal protest, in part: "I now present you that protest in writing and inform you that I do not recognize you as the Governor of Georgia, which office, I still claim to hold and propose, at an early day, to institute judicial proceedings with a view to my restoration." [and:] Fair Copy of a Letter from Charles J. Jenkins as Governor of Georgia, to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, Gen. George G. Meade, Gen. Thomas H. Ruger, and Capt. Charles F. Rockwell, one page, 8" x 12.5", January 29, 1868, informing them of his plan to file a bill with the Supreme Court. In part: "Take notice, that on the seventh day of February next...I shall file a bill in the name of the State of Georgia against you in the Supreme Court...for relief, and then and there move the Court for an injunction to restrain and enjoin you...for seizing, receiving, using, or appropriating any money, funds, or property rightfully belonging or due the State of Georgia." Both letters are in very good condition.


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    Auction Dates
    April, 2012
    11th-12th Wednesday-Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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