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    [Peters Colony]. Texas Emigration and Land Company Archive comprised of five documents spanning the years 1853 through 1861. Included in the archive are two land grants issued by the state of Texas: Sam Houston Land Grant Signed as governor of Texas. One partially printed page, 14.75" x 12.5", Austin, February 1, 1861, granting "...to William Garvin assignee of the Texan Emigration & Land Company...Three hundred and twenty acres of Land...in Montague County..." Docketed on the verso. Large water stain along the vertical fold; text is faded in places, but still legible. The ink has bled through from the verso in places. Houston's signature is bold. The very day this grant was signed, Texas voted to secede from the Union. Houston, who opposed secession, would be forced out of office six weeks later for refusing to take the Confederate oath of loyalty. [and:] Hardin R. Runnels Land Grant Signed "H R Runnels" as governor of Texas. One partially printed page, 14.75" x 12.5", Austin, October 7, 1858, granting "...to the Texan Emigration & Land Company...Three Hundred and Twenty Acres of Land...In Montague County..." Small water stain at the intersection of the main vertical and horizontal folds. Heavy ink bleed through from docketing on the verso.

    Also, a four page, handwritten document certifying "...that by virtue of a written contract made and executed on the 20th day of November 1844, Sherman Converse...became entitled to One Twentieth part of all the lands and other property...which had been or should thereafter be acquired and held by the [Texas Emigration and Land] Company..." and other terms and conditions to be fulfilled by both parties. Signed by Sherman Converse. [and:] Two land deeds, dated June 1, 1858, to Sherman Converse totaling 40 half sections of land in Montague County containing "...360 acres each, with the appurtenances situate in 'Peters' Colony...'"

    In 1841, Englishman William S. Peters and twenty English and American investors based in Louisville, Kentucky, were awarded an empresario grant for North Texas in an area that would come to be known as Peters Colony. The contractors were to recruit 200 families from outside of the republic for settlement in the new colony over the course of three years. In addition to land, the settlers would receive seeds for planting, powder and shot, and, at times, habitation. By October 1842, control of the colony was given to Charles Fenton Mercer, Sherman Converse, and Daniel J. Carroll. Converse persuaded those in Louisville to sign over their rights to him and he negotiated a fourth contract in 1843, extending the time limit by five years. The Louisville faction, under the leadership of Louisville businessman, Willis Stewart, believed they had been duped by Converse and reorganized as the Texas Emigration and Land Company a year later. The TELC now claimed sole control of the colony. Mercer and Converse eventually relinquished their rights, but Carroll would not budge. He attempted to sell his "claim" and when the plan failed, he faded into obscurity, presumably having abandoned the effort. Following the expiration of the contract in 1848 and amid protests from settlers, the company was granted 1,700 sections of land from the state (and corresponding certificates of right) for colonists who could establish their claim. The company was given a time period of two and a half years to award the titles; however, it took nearly twenty years to settle all claims.


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    Auction Dates
    March, 2013
    1st-2nd Friday-Saturday
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