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    Description

    [Pacific Railroad Survey]. Collection of Thirty-Two Maps from Volume XI of "Reports of Explorations and Survey to Ascertain the Most Practicable and Economical Route for a Railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean."

    Between 1803 and the end of the Mexican War in 1848, the United States had attained vast swaths of land stretching from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. Travel from east to west took two forms: overland using the slow, cumbersome horse and wagon or a long sea voyage around the southern tip of South America. It was agreed that a faster mode of transportation was needed. Railroads, which had been employed in the east since the 1830s and could be used to quickly transport passengers and freight, were the natural choice. The question that remained was where to put it.

    In the 1840s, the United States government had sponsored several expeditions to determine the most appropriate route of a transcontinental railway, but due to sectional and economic rivalry, no one route gained complete support. In 1853, Congress authorized Secretary of War Jefferson Davis, who enlisted the support of the U. S. Army's Corp of Topographical Engineers, to send out four expeditions to determine the most practical placement of the railway. The Northern Pacific to assess a northern route roughly along the 47th and 49th parallels; the Central Pacific, along the 37th and 39th parallels; a southerly route along the 35th parallel; and a second southern route, favored by Davis, through Texas to San Diego.

    The massive amount of data collected by the expeditions was published by the War Department in twelve volumes between 1855 and 1861 . The maps contained in this excellent archive are taken from Volume XI "Reports of Explorations."


    More Information:

    List of maps included:

     

    Route near the 32nd Parallel. Map and Profile No. 1. from the Red River to the Rio Grande. 1854-56. 59.5" x 30". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 32nd Parallel. Map No. 2. from the Pimas Villages to Fort Fillmore. 1854-55. 40.5" x 26.25". Mounted on canvas paper. Tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 32nd Parallel and Coast Route California. Profiles from San Francisco Bay to Los Angeles and from Pimas Villages to Fort Fillmore. 1854-55. 47.75" x 26.75". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Coast Route, California. Map No. 1. From San Francisco Bay to the Plains of Los Angeles. 1854-55. 37.75" x 30.5". Mounted on canvas paper. Tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 35th Parallel. Map No 1. from Fort Smith to the Rio Grande. 1853-54. 52.75" x 24". Mounted on canvas paper. Tearing along upper left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout. Seam repairs through center of original paper.

    Route near the 35th Parallel. Map No. 2. from the Rio Grande to the Pacific Ocean. 1853-54. 52" x 24.25". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout. Seam repairs through center of original paper.

    Route near the 35th Parallel. General Profile from Fort Smith, Arkansas, to Martinez. Near San Francisco - California. 1853-4. 39" x 26". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout. Light staining along upper left.

    Routes in California to Connect with Routes near the 32nd and 35th Parallels. Map and Profile of the Canada de Las Uvas. 1853. 32" x 24.5". Mounted on canvas paper. Heavy tear along upper left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Routes in California to Connect with Routes near the 32nd and 35th Parallels. Sheet No. 1. Profiles of Passes in the Sierra Nevada. 1853. 21.25" x 27". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper.

    Routes in California to Connect with Routes near the 32nd and 35th Parallels. Sheet No. 2. Profiles of Passes in the Sierra Nevada. 1853. 24" x 27". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming and tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Routes in California to Connect with Routes near the 32nd and 35th Parallels. Map of Passes in the Sierra Nevada from Walker's Pass to the Coast Range. 1853. 22.75" x 32.5". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and medium tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Routes in California to Connect with Routes near the 32nd and 35th Parallels. General Map of Explorations and Surveys in California. 1853. 74.75" x 26.75". Mounted on canvas paper. Tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and medium tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout. Creases along bottom. Glue seam down center.

    Routes in Oregon and California. Map No. 1 from San Francisco Bay to the Northern Boundary of California. 1855. 24.7 5" x 30". Mounted on canvas paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Routes in Oregon and California. Map No. 2 from the Northern Boundary of California to the Columbia River. 1855. 25.25" x 29.25". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Routes in Oregon and California. Profiles Sheet No. 1, from Benicia to Fort Reading and from Fort Reading to Vancouver. 1855. 52" x 28.25". Mounted on canvas paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Routes in Oregon and California. Profiles, Sheet 2, from the Head of Des Chutes Valley to Vancouver and from Vancouver to Fort Reading. 1855. 47.5" x 26". Mounted on canvas paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Routes in California to Connect with the Routes near the 32nd  and 35th Parallels. Map and Profile of the Tejon Pass. 1853. 36" x  25". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 38th and 39th Parallels. Map No. 1 from the Western Boundary of Missouri to the Mouth of Trap Creek. 1855. 25.75" x 34". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge or original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 38th and 39th Parallels. Map No. 2 from the Mouth of Trap Creek to the Santa Fe Crossing. 1855. 26" x 33". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge or original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 38th and 39th parallels. Map No. 3 from the Santa Fe Crossing to the Coo-Che-To-Pa Pass. 1855. 26.75" x 33.75". Mounted on canvas paper. Heavy tearing along right edge or original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 38th and 39th Parallels. Map No. 4. From the Coo-Che-To-Pa Pass to the Wahsatch Mountains. 1855. 26" x 33.5". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming and tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 41st Parallel. Map No 1. From the Valley of the Green River to the Great Salt Lake. 1855. 20.25" x 22.75". Mounted on canvas paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 41st Parallel. Map No. 2. From Great Salt Lake to the Humboldt Mountains. 1855. 20.5" x 22.75". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 41st Parallel. Map No. 3. From the Humboldt Mountains to the Mud Lakes. 1855. 20.5" x 22.25". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming and tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 41st Parallel. Map No. 4.  From the Valley of the Mud Lakes to the Pacific Ocean. 1855. 20.25" x 22.75". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming and tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Profiles. No. 1 Route near the 41st Parallel; from Ft. Bridger to Ft. Reading. No. 2 route near the 38th and 39th Parallel; from Westport to the Sevier River. 1855. 67" x 26". Mounted on canvas paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout. Seam repairs through center of original paper.

    Route near the 47th and 49th Parallels. Map No. 1. St Paul to Riviere Des Lacs. 1853-54. 39.25" x 26.75". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming and tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 47th and 49th Parallels. Map No. 2.  Riviere De Lacs to the Rocky Mountains. 1853-54. 38.25" x 26.5". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming and tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Route near the 47th and 49th Parallels. Map No. 3. Rocky Mountains to Puget Sound. 1853-54. 38.5" x 26". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming and tearing along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Routes near the 47th and 49th Parallels. Profiles. 1853-54. 27.75" x 45". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Profiles of the Main Routes Surveyed, Compiled in 1855. With Revisions and additional Compilations, from the Results of Subsequent Examinations and Surveys. 1856. 49" x 54". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along left edge of original paper. Toning and tearing along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.

    Map of the Territory of the United States from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. 1854-57. 45" x 48.5". Mounted on canvas paper. Uneven trimming along edges of original paper. Toning and small tears along smoothed creases of original paper. Light foxing throughout.



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