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    [Mormons]. Autograph Letter Signed. Three integral pages, 8" x 13", Quincy [Illinois], August 16, 1843, to Colonel John Mills. In the early years of the Church, the Mormon prophet Joseph Smith led his followers west, intent on establishing a new Zion in the area around Independence, Missouri. Believing the Latter-Day Saints were abolitionists, the people of Missouri opposed their settlement. In 1838, the tension erupted into violence. Following the so-called Missouri Mormon War, all Mormons were stripped of their land and were forced into exile in neighboring Illinois, arriving in Quincy, where they treated with kindness by the local citizens. Smith then led the people 40 miles to the north, settling and establishing the town of Nauvoo, in Hancock County.

    J. B. Mathews, a resident of Quincy, is writing to Col. Mills about the property he has mortgaged to Mills: "I am much in hopes of selling the property in Quincy mortgaged to you at a sacrafice [sic] of more than a third of its cost which I will do if I can effect a sale for cash in hand soon. Property is looking up here & is much more sought after & especially lots with houses. I am told that there is not a house for a dwelling to be had here to rent at this time but there is a great number being erected."

    He goes on to explain his reasons for wanting to sell his properties and leave: "I am trying hard to wind up my business in Hancock [County] & to sell my property there for I am determined to leave that county if I have to go a beging [sic] some where else. The control of the affairs of that county has passed from the hands of the old citizens into those of a set of impostors & fanatics called Mormons and nothing but imposition & violence can be expected from untill [sic] either they drive the old citizens out or they drive them as the people of Missouri did. In the mean time nothing but jealousy & violence can be hoped for. Indeed I will not be surprised any moment to hear of fighting & bloodshed. They are a vile set and if it should come to that...their extermination must be the result for great numbers of them..."

    Uneven toning. Weakened folds are separating slightly, especially at the intersections with some damage to text, but no loss of paper. Light ink smudging and ink burn through on page one and two. Remnant of red wax seal.


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    Auction Dates
    April, 2012
    11th-12th Wednesday-Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
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