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    [Manuel Rincon]. Printed Circular Decree. Four integral pages, 8.25" x 12", in Spanish, Puebla [Mexico], July 10, 1836. The Texas Revolution ended with the defeat and capture of general and Mexican president, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, at the Battle of San Jacinto in April 1836. Santa Anna signed two treaties, the Treaties of Velasco, which, among other things, assured the cessation of hostilities between the two combatants. The treaties were immediately violated by both sides. The Mexican government failed to recognize the treaty, citing Santa Anna's loss of authority due to his captivity. In an effort to rally the people, Manuel Rincon, governor of Puebla, issued a decree calling for further resistance against Texas, playing on Mexican fears of an invasion from the north.

    The decree reads, in part: "Foreigners have taken over our territory of Texas. Their goal is to create a new nation, which they can then turn into a colony. Their ultimate goal is to colonize us. True Mexican patriots who value our independence must not be deceived by their devious use of our politicians, collaborators, who will rob us blind while shouting 'freedom and country.' We can defend our country militarily. But the danger is that the enemy will take advantage of our people's naiveté and lack of experience and sow discord among us, so that, instead of taking up arms against them, we will fight each other. I therefore issue the following orders to military commanders."

    He then lays out, in five points, his orders to the military: "1. Keep the troops under your command highly disciplined with weapons, ammunition and horses in good condition; 2. ensure that all soldiers ordered to enlist on Dec. 31 of last year be able to answer the call to service when it comes; 3. the peace must not be disturbed for any reason, no matter what the pretext, and should any suspicious group of armed men be found in your territory, you will do everything in your power to repress them, urgently notify their immediate superiors to take the appropriate action, and with equal urgency notify me so that I may mobilize forces as needed to assist; 4. commanders will be held responsible for any delay in providing help the moment it is requested, no excuses; 5. commanders are authorized to increase their forces...make use of any inventory in customs, request loans from private parties, issuing National Treasury receipts, which the Government pledges to honor, and in short, do anything necessary to preserve public order."

    He concludes by urging them to "...impress upon the public what the true aims are of those who are attempting to disturb the peace...I have no doubt that we will all do our part and Puebla will do nothing to aid the foreigners besmirching Mexico's good name." Fears of a full scale invasion of Mexico from the Republic of Texas were never realized.

    Toning and chipping along the right edge. Light staining of the upper left corner. Some ink bleed-through from the verso. Small binding hole near the left margin. Not located in Streeter.

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    Auction Dates
    March, 2013
    1st-2nd Friday-Saturday
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