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    [German Emigration]. Printed German Emigration Certificate. One partially-printed page with integral blank, 8.25" x 13.5", in German and English, Antwerp [Belgium], December 29, 1845, certifying that Margaretha Lousie Müller from Mainz has received 142 gulden (guilder) "as advance for his emigration to Texas." She further agrees that she will refrain from taking full possession of the land granted to her and that she may work off the debt as a laborer at the rate of one gulden per day or one gulden twenty-four kreuzer per day as a craftsman. Signed by Müller and her agent from the Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas. Endorsed at the lower edge by the consul of the "Consulate of the Republic of Texas for the port of Antwerp." Scattered spots of foxing. Light ink blooming around the text of the consul.

    The Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas was responsible for the emigration of several thousand Germans. Known as the Mainzer Verein, or more briefly the Adelsverein, the society had its beginning at Wiesbaden in April 1842, when a group of German noblemen met to consider ways and means of purchasing lands in Texas and sending there German emigrants. Two representatives were sent to Texas and, as a result, the society in the fall of 1843 took under consideration a project submitted by Alexander Bourgeois d'Orvanne to acquire a participation in his colonization contract with Texas of June 3, 1842. The society was organized formally at Mainz on March 25, 1844, under the name of Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwander in Texas (Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas) and on April 7, 1844, the formal agreement with d'Orvanne was closed.

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    14th Saturday
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