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    [Daniel S. Curtis]. Archive Related to His Service in the First D.C. Cavalry comprised of over thirty letters, telegrams, reports, invoices, muster rolls, and appointments spanning the years 1862 through 1890. Daniel S. Curtis, a native of Wisconsin, enlisted in the service of the United States on September 2, 1862, and was appointed "...First Lieutenant in the Twenty Eight Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers..." by the governor of Wisconsin.

    The following year, on May 6, 1863, Col. Lafayette Baker was "...authorized by the Secretary of War to raise a Battalion of four Companies of Cavalry for special service, the same to be recruited in the District of Columbia and to serve for three years or during the war...When the force is organized you will be appointed to its command with the rank of Colonel." The new unit, designated the 1st D. C. Cavalry, also known as Baker's Cavalry, was originally subject only to direct orders from the War Department. On May 21, 1863, forty-eight year old Capt. Daniel S. Curtis mustered out of his original regiment, the 22nd Wisconsin Infantry, and mustered into the 1st D. C., with the rank of major. Curtis was immediately sent out to recruit men for the new regiment.

    While out organizing the regiment, he received a telegram from Col. Baker on August 4 reading: "If you think the one hundred men will be forthcoming you had better return at once, stopping one day in Philadelphia." Two days later, he received a second telegram, also from Baker authorizing him "...to offer the three hundred dollars bounty. Leave the rifle with Capt. Hall, and come home." Major Curtis returned to Washington on August 12 and "...having reported for duty [was] assigned to command of Co. B..."

    After serving a year in the nation's capital, the regiment was sent into Virginia in the spring of 1864, half serving in Portsmouth and the other half being assigned to General Benjamin Butler's army. On April 11, 1864, Curtis received a field pass from Great Bridge, Virginia, ordering "Guards & Patrols will pass Major Curtis & Capt. Sandford of this command to Norfolk and return this day." The portion of the regiment serving with Butler took part in Gen. Kautz's raid on Petersburg two months later.

    Curtis transferred out of the 1st D.C. Cavalry in August 1864 and mustered into the field staff of the 1st Maine Cavalry with whom he served for the remainder of the war. Following the surrenders of Lee and Johnston, he was reassigned to the 1st D.C. Cavalry. In 1866, he received an Andrew Johnson Military Appointment Signed with a stamped signature, Washington, July 5, 1866, bestowing on Curtis a brevet promotion to Lieutenant Colonel "...for gallant and meritorious services..." Countersigned by Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, also stamped.

    Curtis died sometime in early 1890. He was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, Post No. 1, in Washington, D.C., and upon his death, they issued the following statement: "...Our Comrade, Colonel Daniel S. Curtis, has answered his last roll call upon earth...That by his death this Post has lost one of its oldest, most energetic and enthusiastic members and a highly valued and esteemed comrade."


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    Auction Dates
    April, 2013
    11th Thursday
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