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    [Confederate Spy Archive]. Four Documents Related to the Union Spy Trial of Spencer Kellogg [Brown], Executed June 25, 1863. Spencer Kellogg Brown was born in Kansas on August 17, 1842. Brown's family moved to Osawatomie, Missouri where they were affected by violence associated with the Missouri Compromise and Kansas-Nebraska Act. Brown joined the Union army and became a spy. He was captured near Shiloh, Tennessee, representing himself as a deserter to his Confederate captors. Shortly thereafter he mustered into the Confederate States Engineer Corps, where he clandestinely gathered information on the Confederate fortifications at Shiloh.

    This extraordinary archive includes the official Confederate indictment against Brown as well as statements from a Union chaplain imprisoned with him at Libby Prison and others regarding Brown (whose name is listed in all documents as Spencer Kellogg). The indictment is on blue lined paper, 8" x 12.75", Head Quarters Department of Henrico, Richmond, Virginia, September 23, 1863. It specifies the two charges against Brown - desertion to the enemy and acting as a spy. Brown's sentence reads, in part: "The said Spencer Kellogg to be hanged by the neck until he is dead...". The sentence was carried out at Camp Lee on Friday, September 26, 1863. Additionally the lot includes two statements by James Harvey, a chaplain of the 10th Ohio Volunteers, and a prisoner of war at Libby Prison who provided spiritual comfort to Brown on the day of his execution. Harvey writes, in part: "He seemed entirely resigned to his fate and probably no man could have met such a fate with more fortitude. In the bloom of life and vigor of health he has gone to the land of Spirits." Other statements, a bit hard to read, round out the archive. All examples bear traces of old fold creases, but are generally in very good condition. The indictment is legible as are most of the statements.

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    April, 2013
    11th Thursday
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