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    [Civil War]. Texas Christian Advocate Newspaper. Vol. III, No. 25, Whole No. 649, two pages, 19" x 25.5", Houston, March 2, 1865. Features an article on the front page titled "A Foreign War Inevitable" in which the paper boldly proclaims: "Sonora, Sinaloa, and other Northern States of Mexico...have passed under the dominion of the French Empire. Napoleon is the arch intriguer of the world. When he offered the imperial crown to Maximilian, he had already determined that the armies and navies of France should assist the Southern States to accomplish their independence...A few days ago the Confederacy was at its most desperate strait; to-day, its star is at its zenith...The South has the game in her own hands, and is mistress of the situation." Lee would surrender to Grant one month later. Unevenly toned. Weak folds, detached in places. From the papers of B.A. Shepherd.

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    Founded in 1847 in Brenham, Texas, as the "Texas Christian Advocate," the paper changed its name to the "Texas Wesleyan Banner" in September, 1848. The paper moved to Galveston in 1854 and renamed itself "Texas Christian Advocate." Ceased publication due to the blockade of Galveston during the Civil War, it moved its equipment to Houston where it began printing the paper again in December 1864.

    Benjamin Armistead Shepherd was born in Virginia on May 14, 1814. Due to the poor conditions of the land and a dwindling family fortune, he left Virginia in the 1830s and arrived in Galveston, Texas. He married Mary Dobson in 1841 and settled in the growing town of Houston. A personal friend of General Sam Houston (whom he had met at age 19), Shepherd established himself as a prominent landowner and one of the foremost citizens of Houston, involving himself in many entrepreneurial adventures before founding and serving as president of the First National Bank of Houston in 1866. In 1875, he arrived in the newly formed San Jacinto County where he organized the town of Shepherd along the proposed Houston, East, and West Texas Railway. He died in Houston in 1891.

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    3rd Saturday
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