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    [Civil War]. Archive of A. C. Reinoehl, Company D, 76th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. This extensive archive includes a diary, a tintype and medal, a flag, shoulder boards, miscellaneous papers, and two books relating to Reinoehl's college education and military career. Included in the archive are:
    1) Diary, 3" x 5", bound in leather over boards, 104 pages (12 blank), with entries dating from December 25, 1861 through November 12, 1862, a period which covers Reinoehl's first year in the Civil War. Entries, written in pencil, record activities in camp; letters sent and received; books read, including a lot of Shakespeare; poetry, expense accounts, and accounts of encounters with Confederate forces. In June 1862 the 76th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry was involved in operations on James Island, South Carolina. On June 6 Reinoehl wrote that "Our forces took a battery across the stream of three guns after an engagement of two hours. We are ten miles from Charleston!!" On June 9 he recorded that his health was not good due to his legs being swollen from boils and that he would have to go to the hospital, "a dilapidated gloomy looking building with broken windows. The inside is unplastered and the whitewash peeling off the...rafters." On June 14, when Reinoehl was still in the hospital, he wrote that four "wounded rebels were brought to the hospital to-day. I saw them lying on the floor and they are pretty rough looking specimens of Southern chivalry." The next day was Sunday, and Reinoehl wrote that "I scarcely ever know when it is the Sabbath in the army. No chiming bells, no crowds of church going people, no sweet hymns, no fervent prayers. I hear to-day the beating of drums from the camps across the water, an occasional boom of cannon just as during the whole week. How I shall appreciate the sabbath if I live to get home. As I never appreciated it before. May the time not be far distant when I can again take my accustomed seat in the church at home." On June 16 the Battle of Secessionville occurred, and on that day Reinoehl's diary entry was "We heard heavy cannonading & firing all morning and...found that there had been a heavy fight. Our men stormed a battery three times but were forced to retire. The wounded were brought over & the houses are being filled with them. More are to be sent over tomorrow." On September 19, 1863, General Ormsby MacKnight Mitchell, appointed the previous July as commander of the Department of the South, visited the camp of the 76th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. On that date, Reinoehl recorded Mitchell's remarks to the troops. "He came he said to see us & give us a chance to see him. We were volunteers, not such as brought by state bounties and forced by the draft, but volunteers worthy of the name. It must make our blood boil to think of our state invaded while men were lying supine. Unless the North awake to a united victory, awake to think that we are not fighting for political grounds but for the Freedom & Humanity, we are ignominiously lost. Thinks the recent levies brought yup are not volunteers. He promised us that we should not lie inactive here. He was not going to be cramped on these sea island....He spoke feelingly of his old division saying when they moved there was no stopping them & if red tape orders had left them alone they would have been in the Gulf of Mexico by this time. He expected us to do our duty." General Mitchell died of Yellow Fever weeks later. Reinoehl also included three pencil drawings at the end of the diary [show one of these], including the block house in the line of fortifications on Hilton Head, South Carolina.
    2) Reinoehl's commission, 17" x 13.25", dated April 25, 1864, as First Lieutenant in the 76th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. The commission bears the seal of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and is signed by Governor Andrew Curtin.
    3) A pair of shoulder boards, 1.5" x 4", with single bullion borders, velvet centers, with gold bullion oak leafs and bars, presumably designating Reinoehl's final rank as Brevet Major.
    4) A ribbon with a gold plate in the shape of a scroll, with the engraving of "A.C. Reinoehl. Adjutant. 76 P.V. V. B'vt Major." The silk ribbon, 2" in length, has a gold item in the shape of a fort attached to the bottom. On the back of the ribbon is a "T" shaped bar pin an open "C" catch.
    5) A six plate tintype, 2.75" x 3.75" (sight) in a 3 7/8" x 5" wooden frame, dated circa November 1864, with paper label on the bottom of the image of three Union soldiers entitled "Chesapeake Convalescents", with Reinoehl in the middle sitting with a cigar. 6) Fragment of the flag of the 76th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry carried in the attack on Fort Fisher, North Carolina, on January 15, 1865. According to a note in an envelope housing the flag fragment, it was given to Reinoehl by "Sergt Dawson, the color bearer of the Regt who carried it in the charge." 7) A partially printed document, 19" x 10.5", Quarterly Return of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores, for quarter ending June 30, 1864, signed by Reinoehl as 1st Lieutenant, 76th Pennsylvania Volunteers. 8) Two one page, 7.5" x 12.75", ordnance vouchers or lists of ordnance stores lost in action or hospital. One, voucher, No, 2, signed by Reinoehl, was dated July 30, 1864; the other, voucher, signed by Reinoehl, is dated September 30, 1864. 9) A one page, 7.75" x 9.75", Annapolis, Maryland, February 1, 1865, autograph letter signed by Reinoehl to A. J. Dickey, [Lancaster, Pennsylvania], requesting "that you enter my name as law student in your office. I have appeared before the Board of Examiners here for discharge and expect to get out of Service before long, and as I wish to lose no time, desire to have my name entered." 10) A one page, 7.75" x 10.5", December 22, 1871, an autograph letter signed (on Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania letterhead) by Francis Jordan, Secretary of the Commonwealth to Reinoehl appointing him Deputy Secretary of the Commonwealth. The letter is endorsed by Governor John Geary. 11) A broadside, 28.25" x 21.25", of a souvenir issue of the The Daily Dispatch (Montgomery, Alabama) for April 28, 1886. 12) A one page, 7.25" x 12", June 19, 1857, autograph document signed. An essay on "Punctuality" written by Reinoehl as a student at Franklin and Marshall. 13) A two-page, 7.5" x 12", June 30, 1857, autograph document signed. An essay by Reinoehl entitled "A Storm" as a student at Franklin and Marshall. 14) A six page, 4 7/8" x 7.5", July 27, 1857, autograph document signed. An essay by Reinoehl entitled "Young Americanism" as a student at Franklin and Marshall. 15) A four page bifolium, 5" x 8", June 4, 1858, an autograph document signed. An essay by Reinoehl entitled "Gleams of Sunshine" as a student at Franklin and Marshall. 16) A fifteen page, 5" x 8", autograph manuscript, entitled "Altera Conventio Literat et Asinorum Academiae Franklinianae et Marshallianae" [Agreement of Learned Men and Donkeys]. This appears to be a day book compiled by Reinoehl while a college student. 17) A thirteen-page, 6.25" x 8", May 25, 1860, autograph document signed. A lecture by Reinoehl entitled "Eulogy, Florence Nightingale. Delivered at the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the Diagnothian Literary Society, Friday Evening, May 25th 1860." The Diagnothian Literary Society was a debating club at Franklin and Marshall. 18) A ten page, 5.5" x 7.5", November 21, 1860, autograph manuscript by Reinoehl entitled "Senior Oration, Loss of the Lady Elgin, Delievred at the College Chapel, Wednesday, Nov 21st 1860." Reinoehl's senior oration at Franklin and Marshall. 19) A twelve page, 5.5" x 6.75", May 31, 1861, autograph manuscript by Reinoehl entitled "Oration. Nemesis! Delivered at the Twenty-Sixth Anniversary of the Diagnothian Literary Society, Friday Evening, May 31st 1861." 20) A fifteen page, 6.5" x 8", July 24, 1861, autograph manuscript by Reinoehl entitled "Valedictory: Class of 1860-1. Commencement Day. July 24th 1861." Reinoehl's valedictory address at Franklin and Marshall. 21) A 38-page manuscript, 7.75" x 9.75", by Reinoehl entitled "Woman's Rights and Woman's Wrongs. Lecture before The Howard Association, Court House, Jany 1st 1874." His lecture, delivered to the Howard Sunday School Association in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, discusses the question of giving the vote to women. Although he dispels many of the arguments used against allowing women to vote, he criticizes feminist advocates as hurting the cause because they are too strident. He advocates caution. "There are very many women who could vote as intelligently and properly as any man, but it is a question to be decided carefully whether it...be for the interests of good government to throw open the gates to the ignorant and degraded of the sex in desiring to enfranchise the good and true." 22) A page from an unnamed newspaper, dated July 5, 1925, which contains a story on Reinoehl. 23) A book entitled Faculty and Graduating Class of 1861. Franklin and Marshall College. Lancaster, PA. [Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Franklin and Marshall College, 1861), which is an album, 9.5"x 11.5", of albumin prints of photographs by T. & W. Cummings of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, in boards, and includes a photograph of Reinoehl. The front cover has a gold stamped label bearing the title and Reinoehl's name. 24) William H. Powell, ed., Officers of the Army and Navy (Volunteer) Who Served in the Civil War (Philadelphia: L.R. Hamersly & Company, 1893). Volume, 9.5" x 12.5" with 419 pages, includes signature of Reinoehl's son, Walter Allan Reinoehl, and Reinoehl's biography on page 118.

    Condition: The diary's covers are worn with loss of leather around edges and most of spine and flap. The strap to hold the flap is detached. Internally, the text block has partially separated from the binding. Internal sewing of text block appears sound. The shoulder boards are worn and leather backing cracked. The tintype is in a wooden frame with a wood backing and nails that have rusted. The fragment of the flag in fragile to the touch and in pieces. The broadside of the Daily Dispatch is in fragile condition. The photograph album, Faculty and Graduating Class of 1861. Franklin and Marshall College, in bound in quarter leather, which is chipped and worn. The hinges are weak and the spine suffers from some loss of leather. Internally, there are two or three pages loose but still attached. The book, Officers of the Army of Navy (Volunteer) Who Served in the Civil War, bound in quarter leather, which is worn and rubbed, has lost its leather from the spine and has week hinges.





    More Information:

    Adam Cyrus Reinoehl (1840-1900), was born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania, and when sixteen years old came to Lancaster with his parents. In 1861, he graduated from Franklin and Marshall College, delivering the valedictory oration, the highest honor of his class. Reinoehl then taught school for two months in Ephrata Township before he enlisted in the 76th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, known as the "Keystone Zouaves." He participated in all of the battles with his regiment. He entered his regiment as a private in Company D. In December 1862, Reinoehl was made quartermaster sergeant of his regiment, and in January 1863 he was promoted to the position of sergeant-major. Conspicuous in leading a charge that resulted in the capture of the batteries at Morris Island, South Carolina, on July 10, 1863, he also participated Battle at Fort Wagner, where he was seriously wounded in the left arm, leaving him temporarily disabled. When Reinoehl returned to service in April 1864 he re-enlisted for three years and received a commission as first lieutenant in the 76th Regiment. For a time he commanded his company, and took a conspicuous part in the bloody engagements at Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and Fair Oaks.  On August 4, 1864, Reinoehl was promoted to adjutant for gallantry on the field of battle. At the Battle of Fair Oaks (October 27-28, 1864) he was wounded in the thigh, which resulted in him returning to his home in Pennsylvania. He was honorably discharged February 6, 1865, having first been breveted major for gallant and meritorious service in the attack at Fair Oaks.  After the war Major Reinoehl pursued the practice of law. An ardent Republican as well as an effective speaker, he became a great campaign orator, and rendered much effective service to the Republican cause. In 1868 Reinoehl was elected to the Pennsylvania State Legislature, in which he served three terms, and in 1872, he was appointed deputy secretary of the Commonwealth.   In 1889 he was elected district attorney of Lancaster County, a post in which he served until 1893. President McKinley later appointed Reinoehl postmaster of Lancaster County.  Reinoehl married Lucy Davis and together they had four children. Known for his sociability and his wit, Reinoehl was well liked by his contemporaries.  An active Mason, he was a member of numerous organizations. Reinoehl died on December 14, 1900. According to a December 15, 1900 obituary notice in the New York Times, his death was attributed to suicide due to financial troubles.

     

    The 76th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers were organized at Harrisburg on October 18, 1861.  The soon left the state and moved South for Virginia and later South Carolina. The regiment participated in the surrender of Fort Pulaski and operations on James Island, South Carolina.   They were involved in several major battles, including Secessionville, South Carolina (June 16, 1862), Morris Island, South Carolina (July 10, 1863), which included assaults on Fort Wagner (July 11 and 18, 1863), Drewry's Bluff in Virginia (May 14-16, 1864), Cold Harbor (June 1-12, 1864), and Fair Oaks (October 27-28, 1864). The regiment also participated in the assault on and capture of Fort Fisher, North Carolina (January 15, 1865), and the capture of Wilmington, North Carolina (February 22, 1865). The regiment mustered out July 18, 1865.



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