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    [Civil War] and [Thomas H. Ruger]. Archive Related to the Formation of the Third Wisconsin Regiment. Comprised of over seventy letters, telegrams, muster rolls, expense sheets, reports, and enlistment consent forms for the year 1861. Thomas H. Ruger (1833-1907) graduated third in his class from the U. S. Military Academy in 1854 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Army Corps of Engineers. He resigned several months later to pursue a career as a lawyer, but with the outbreak of war in 1861, he reenlisted in the volunteer army as a Lieutenant Colonel on the field staff of the 3rd Wisconsin Infantry.

    Colonel Charles S. Hamilton was placed in command of the regiment and was charged with its formation, which, according to a letter dated May 28, 1861, would be organized into ten companies which were to "...prepare for mustering into service by June 6th...with the assistance of Liet. Col. T. H Ruger and Major Bertine Pinckney..." The day before, Hamilton wrote to Ruger that " wife is dangerously ill with the scarlet fever. I have four children sick besides...God grant she may recover, but if he wills otherwise, you will fill my place..." and he would be left in charge of the regiment.

    Ruger took control, dealing with mundane, administrative problems such as discharge requests, "It seems to me that on the Certificate of the surgeon in reference to the deafness of Chas. C. can grant his discharge."; muster roll corrections, "Enclosed please find corrected list of my men..."; appointment requests, "I wrote you at the suggestion of the Governor. I am anxious for an appointment as chaplain in your Regiment..."; acquisition of goods, "50 common tents have been received to day [sic]. They are of good material & of the following dimensions..."; etc.

    Ruger handled his task with perfection and, on August 20, was promoted to colonel, commanding the regiment in the Maryland and Shenandoah Campaigns. He was mustered out of the 3rd Wisconsin in October 1862 and was made a brigadier general the following month. Ruger remained in the army after the war, serving as military governor of Georgia, commander of the Department of the South, superintendent of the U. S. Military Academy, and later, on the frontier during the Indian Wars.

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    Auction Dates
    April, 2013
    11th Thursday
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