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    [Civil War] and [Battles of Fort Fisher]. Richard H. Greene Diary Pages with an Eyewitness Account of the First and Second Battles of Fort Fisher. The account of the battles are spread across seven pages removed from Union naval surgeon Richard H. Greene's diary, dated December 24-26, 1864, and January 13-14, 1865. Greene was on blockade duty aboard the USS State of Georgia off the coast of North Carolina when he witnessed the engagements. Fort Fisher guarded the last major Confederate port located on the Atlantic Ocean, Wilmington, North Carolina.

    The First Battle of Fort Fisher began in the early morning hours on Christmas Eve 1864 (though Greene mistakenly records the year as 1865): "Between 1 & 2 oclock a.m. Exploded Powder Boat Louisiana containing about 23 tons of powder off Fort Fisher...At sunrise the fleet which had been anchored about 20 miles from land started in...The Iron clads took the lead...The first fire was at 12.54 from the Ironsides upon Fort Fisher. It was not returned. The rebs reserved fire until the Minnesota anchored in position when 20 or 30 guns opened on her & seemed to cover her with missiles. But the whole fleet soon got in position & silenced the reb guns within an hour...The casualties and not more than a hundred...If the army had been on hand to take possession of Fisher today it could have been easily taken...Christmas 1864 7 p.m. The days fight is over except the occasional firing from the monitors. The transports arrived last night with 5000 or 6000 troops...The fleet moved closer today and delivered fire more effectively...The enemy's shot have struck our vessels many time but without much injury...The troops will probably be nearby for the assault tomorrow." The battle lasted another two days, but Federal troops failed to take the fort.

    Just under three weeks later, the Union attempted a second assault on the fort: "Jan. 13th 1865...The Brooklyn opened fire at 7.20 a.m. on the woods. From 7 to 8 vessels and transports getting into position, vessels near the shore fire into the woods...Preparations to land troops...8.25 a.m. 4 boats sent to transport to land troops 8.32 Fort Fisher opened on Ironsides...8.42 First troops landed..." The exchange of shot continues for the rest of the morning and early afternoon until 3 pm when the "Fort observed on fire." At 5 the fleet again opens fire on the fort. After a forty-five minute barrage, the "Admiral orders to cease firing." The assault continued the following day. On January 15, Confederate General Whiting surrendered the fort.

    Toned and stained in places. The text is fading in places, but still legible. Weakening of the folds has resulted in some separation at the edges.

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