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    [Benjamin McCulloch] and [Slavery]. Autograph Slave Sale Document. Fourteen pages, 8" x 12.75", New Orleans, circa April 1855. Comprised of three separate documents regarding the sale of ninety-one slaves from the Union Bank of Louisiana to David D. Withers (1822-1892), a wealthy New York horse breeder and racetrack owner who lived for a time in New Orleans, "...for the sum of Fifty five thousand Dollars payable at one and two years...with six percent Interest." In addition, the bank also sold him the "...right title and interest in six in Texas on this day, and should any of them have died previous to this...a deduction will be made for the value..." Contains a full list of the slaves purchased including their names and ages, which range from one year to fifty-five.

    Originally purchased by Josiah S. Stafford and his wife, Jeanette Kirkland, who mortgaged them from the Union Bank of Louisiana, the couple had them illegally moved to the Republic of Texas, then an independent nation, in February 1845 when payment came due. Texas joined the U. S. in December of that year and the couple threatened to further move them down into Mexico and again out of U. S. jurisdiction. They were stopped before they could flee, however, and the slaves, known as the Stafford gang, were taken into the custody of U. S. marshal for the District of Texas, Benjamin McCulloch, and transferred back into the hands of the Union Bank. The case was the subject of a Supreme Court hearing (Union Bank of Louisiana v. Stafford - 53 U.S. 327 [1851]).

    Benjamin McCulloch (1811-1862) came to Texas in late 1835 to help fellow Tennessean David Crockett and his men, but contracted measles in Nacogdoches and was bedridden. Crockett and his boys were slaughtered at the Alamo two months later. He joined the Texan army under Sam Houston and was present at the Battle of San Jacinto. Following the war he became a Texas Ranger, participated in the Battle of Monterrey during the Mexican War, and scouted the western frontier prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. He served with much distinction as a brigadier general during the Civil War, commanding troops at the battles of Wilson's Creek and Pea Ridge. He was killed by a Union sharpshooter on March 7, 1862.

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    Auction Dates
    April, 2013
    11th Thursday
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