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    [Battle of Pea Ridge] and [Battles of Iuka and Corinth]. R. W. Murphy Autograph Letters (2) Signed. Murphy, a private in Company "E," 3rd Texas Regiment, 1st Texas Brigade, Army of the West, writes to Colonel Edwin Sealy Hull and his wife, Sarah, about his experiences following the Battle of Pea Ridge during the Pea Ridge Campaign, 1862, and at the Battles of Iuka and Corinth during the Iuka and Corinth Operations of 1862.

    The first letter, three integral pages, 5" x 8", Little Rock, April 7, 1862, written one month after the Battle of Pea Ridge. He writes, in part: "When I wrote to you last, we had just returned from the Battle of Pea Ridge to our Winter Quarters. We took up the line of march in a few days afterwards, and we arrived here yesterday evening, and are resting today for to start a force march tomorrow to the City of Memphis...The Federals are concentrating at or near Memphis...I recon [sic] we will be in one more Battle before our time is up. We will all be at home by the first of June." He continues by describing the conditions within the city of Memphis: "...this is a fine city...but business has hushed here and nothing is to be seen in that line. This state at this time is under martial law every man that can shoulder a gun is now in the field."

    Despite his optimism about returning home by June, Murphy pens a second letter later in the year , this time to Colonel Hull's wife, shortly after taking part in the Battles of Iuka and Corinth. Four integral pages, 6.25" x 7.75", Waterford [Mississippi], November 5, 1862. He has received a wound in battle and relates the story of the battle, in part: "Your letter found me injoying [sic] the best of health, with the exception of a very sore arm caused by a Yankee's ball from a musket. I have been through Two fights in the last month and a half. The first was at Iuka Miss the last was at Corinth Miss. We whiped [sic] them at the former, but they whiped [sic] us very bad at the latter." It is curious that he regards Iuka as a Confederate victory as both Iuka and Corinth are, at least today, viewed as Union victories. He continues: "We had to attack them boath [sic] times in their Breastworks. We attacked them at Corinth Oct the 3rd and fought until the 5th dusk. We drove them Friday and Saturday until near 12 o'clock...when we charged their fortifications inside of Town and...drove them out, but they reinforced so heavy that we had to fall back. We retreated eight miles that night, and camped for the night. I was wounded in the last charge we made on them behind their banks...on Sunday morning we started to get a little farther down in Dixie, but dirring [sic] the night they sent a very heavy force around in our advance to a bridge on Hatchey [Hatchie] River...the ball opened fight or surrender. of corse [sic] our boys fought. We sustained a greater loss Sunday than we did on both days previous."

    With original transmittal envelope. The first letter exhibits very light toning. The second letter is toned with some water damage on the last page, but the text is unaffected. Folds are weakened and separating in places.

    From the estate of Houston collector Brent Burg.


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    Auction Dates
    June, 2012
    9th Saturday
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