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    [Archer Campaign]. Public Debt Certificate Signed "Jno M. Swisher." One partially printed page, 11.25" x 10", Austin, October 3, 1854. Certificate No. 6036 stating that "A.A. Bogart has...filed with the Auditor and Comptroller, A claim for Services in Capt Sanders' Company on the Archer Campaign in 1840 amounting to Twenty 83/100 Dollars."

    Branch T. Archer, Secretary of War, issued a proclamation in May of 1840 ordering the extermination of all Indians and calling for a militia to be raised for that purpose. Archer then divided The Republic of Texas into five military districts to enact his plans. Many of the districts believed the order to be illegal and did not form a militia. Ultimately, the proclamation was deemed not only illegal, but also unfeasible, as it would take too many able-bodied men away from their farms. Offered here is a certificate issued to a participant in the campaign that came to be named for the man who proposed it.

    John Swisher (1819-1891) immigrated to Texas with his family in 1833. During the Texas Revolution, Swisher and nearly a dozen men headed to relieve Travis at the Alamo, but upon reaching Gonzales on March 5, 1836, joined Sam Houston's army as part of Co. "H," First Regiment, Texas Volunteers, taking part in the Battle of San Jacinto. After the war, he worked for the Texas government as a clerk in the treasury department, the auditor's office, the Ninth Congress of the Republic of Texas, and during the Convention of 1845. He was appointed auditor of public accounts in 1848 and paymaster of the Texas Rangers from 1860 until secession.

    Condition: Flattened folds, light toning at edges and on verso at folds. Boldly signed. Else, very fine clean paper.


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    Auction Dates
    March, 2018
    17th Saturday
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