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    Description

    U.S. 48 Star Flag - Philippine Scouts Medal of Honor, Bataan Death March and POW association. This is a 48 star, 30" X 57", cotton, printed starfield, sewn stripe flag finished with heading and grommets. The flag is marked on the obverse hoist, " u MOH /u Sgt. Calugas," "Maj. V. Baros," "Bataan," and "Philippine Scouts ( u PS /u )." The names on the flag refer to two Filipino heroes, Sgt. Jose Cabalfin Calugas, the first enlisted Medal of Honor winner in WWII, and Major (later Lt. Colonel) Vicente Rico Barros, Philippine Scouts, West Point graduate and military advisor to the Governor General of the Philippines.

    The Philippine Scouts, organized in 1901, were a military formation of the United States Army. Comprised of Filipinos and Filipino-Americans and commanded by Caucasian officers and some Filipino graduates of West Point. Originally constituted as infantry within the Philippine Department, the formation grew to divisional strength before WWII. In addition to infantry, the Philippine Scouts eventually came to have Cavalry, Field Artillery, Coast Artillery, Military Police, Quartermaster, Ordnance, and Signals units.

    Before WWII, the infantry and field artillery were detailed to become the nexus of the Philippine Division, however, the division was still formative on the eve of WWII. The Philippine Scouts became the frontline U.S. troops in Asia and were the first U.S. soldiers to see combat. At the Battle of Bataan, the Philippine Scouts stood as the backbone of the American defense and the 26th Cavalry was the "stoutest" and only "serious opposition" to the Japanese making the last mounted cavalry charge of the U.S. Army. 1942 FDR awarded the first three Medals of Honor to Philippine Scouts, among them Sgt. Jose Cabalfin Calugas.

    On April 9, 1942 the 76,000 U.S. forces on Bataan surrendered to the Japanese, Sgt. Calugas among them. They were marched into captivity on the Bataan Death March. Calugas was released in January of 1943, ostensibly to work for the Japanese, but he secretly joined a Filipino guerrilla unit. When the POWs were finally liberated by advancing American forces in January of 1945, they were welcomed with U.S. and Filipino flags as in this example.

    Sgt. Jose C. Calugas, Medal of Honor and Lt. Col. Vicente R. Barros, Silver Star.

    Condition: This U.S. flag in in good condition. It is used, worn, soiled but otherwise complete.

    This flag was formerly in the collection of Dr. Clarence Rungee, and is accompanied by his original museum inventory sheet with identifying information.

    For those who did not receive a hard copy of the auction catalog, we present here the introductory comments and history of Dr. Rungee and his remarkable collection. If you scroll further, you will also find various contemporary newspaper articles, as well as a selection of the many letters of donation and transmittal which accompanied the collection.

    For those who did not receive a hard copy of the auction catalog, we present here the . If you scroll further, you will also find various contemporary newspaper articles, as well as a selection of the many letters of donation and transmittal which accompanied the collection.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    June, 2020
    6th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 360

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