Skip to main content
Go to accessibility notice


    Union Soldier's Diary kept by Henry C. Rounds of the 21st Michigan Infantry. 3.25" x 6" leather bound diary for the year 1864. Together with a commemorative veterans' reunion ribbon dated January 13, 1887.

    Rounds enlisted as a private on December 23, 1863, at the age of 21. He was mustered into Company H of the 21st Michigan Infantry and was later transferred to E Company of the 14th Michigan Infantry. He survived the war and was discharged on July 7, 1865. Rounds makes daily entries recording camp activities as well as his regiment's movements during Sherman's March through Georgia and the Carolinas.

    Rounds' early entries covered life in Sherman's army before the fall of Atlanta. Later entries record the general's march across Georgia to the sea; he notes foraging expeditions into the countryside to feed and sustain the large army, as well as tearing up railroads. On November 13, 1864, Rounds wrote, "Left camp this morning about 6 oclock marched up to Cartersville and joined our brigade and started for Atlanta. Marched to big Shanty tore up the rail road." Upon reaching the city of Atlanta, he described the condition of the city, on November 15: "Crossed the Chattahoochee River this morning and went to Atlanta got there about 2 oclock in the afternoon went in Atlanta just dark and the buildings were all on fire." The next morning he recorded the commencement of the March to the Sea: "Drew rations & clothes last night and started for Savannah marched 18 miles..."

    As the march proceeded, Rounds recorded the foraging expeditions and the countryside he passed through. Much of the foraging to this point met little resistance from Confederate forces or locals. Rounds wrote: "Marched all day and made about 20 miles pretty rich country som roling and a little sandy. Camped at Lithonia foraged some flour & had 3 or 4 wenches bake it in biscuits." As the army grew closer to Savannah, however, they were met with more resistance. On December 12 and 13, he noted: "Laid in the ditch last night about 10 oclock they begun to throw & shell back & forth & to [2] of our men was wounded by peaces of shell...som pretty sharp shooting & shelling in the afternoon our men drove the rebs 2 miles on the right..."

    As Round's regiment marched closer to Savannah on the Georgia coast, the foraging continued. On December 15, Round's entry noted: " was vary warm and pleasant myself & Jim Colins went & got a little rice the rebs throwed a few grape & canister but it did no damage." Rounds and his unit entered Savannah on December 20, and he noted the Confederates' night evacuation: "Laid in camp all day som cannon [illegible] all along the line the rebs vacuated tonight in the night and we here of it in the morning. Myself and John Austin went down to head qtrs. to get som corn. "

    After capturing Savannah, Rounds and his fellow soldiers found themselves with time on their hands with not much going on. His final entry on December 31 reads, "I went to town this fore noon got some [illegible] rained a little came back to camp and laid down and took a nap. Six of the Co. got drunk as a bitch so goodbye /64 H.C. Rounds."

    Condition: The diary has wear to its cover, but is intact. The pages are lightly toned throughout, some creasing at page corners, mild dampstaining throughout. Some residue on some pages, light foxing in places. Else, fine condition.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2018
    18th Wednesday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 20
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 403

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    25% on the first $250,000 (minimum $19), plus 20% of any amount between $250,000 and $2,500,000, plus 12% of any amount over $2,500,000 per lot.

    Sold for: Sign-in or Join (free & quick)
    Track Item

    Heritage membership

    Join Now - It's Free

    1. Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
    2. Bid online
    3. Free Collector newsletter
    4. Want List with instant e-mail notifications
    5. Reduced auction commissions when you resell your
    Consign now
    • Cash Advances
    • More Bidders
    • Trusted Experts
    • Over 200,000 Satisfied Consignors Since 1976
    Consign to the 2021 May 2 Luxury Accessories Signature Auction - Dallas.

    Learn about consigning with us

    Heritage Auctions and Mr. Chad Reingold were...professional and courteous in all transactions and provided outstanding service in answering my many emails. I recommend them at the highest level.
    Killy M.,
    Melbourne Beach, FL
    View More Testimonials receives more traffic than any other auction house website. (Source:

    Video tutorial

    Getting the most out of search