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    "The name of the place where Lee surrendered is called Clover Hill"

    Union Soldier's 1865 Diary of Charles N. Beeman of Company "K", 2nd Connecticut Heavy Artillery. The diary measures 3" x 5.75", and Beeman records almost daily entries through August 17. He writes his name with rank and company twice at the beginning of the diary. Beeman first enlisted on September 23, 1861 as a private in Company "E", Connecticut 8th Infantry. He was discharged for disability on November 15, 1862, but re-enlisted on July 30, 1863 into Company "K", Connecticut 2nd Heavy Artillery. He was mustered out on August 18, 1865 at Fort Ethan Allen in Washington, DC. The 2nd Connecticut played a big role in the final battles of the war and Lee's surrender, and Beeman's daily entries provide a detailed narration of events.

    In part: "March 25 Had a bloody fight the whole length of the lines kept it up all day wee [sic] advanced over a mile the whole length of our line, took several lines of the rebs works and whipped them like H-l the 2nd Heavys had to lead the charge. March 26 Co. K. H. and F. advanced the picket line this morning made to Johnnies get up and durt wee [sic] held all the ground wee gained in spite of them... March 27 The Johnnies charged our picket line about day-light this morning but got whiped [sic] wee [sic] had to fall in our breastworks ready for a charge if they drive our picket... March 30 Staid [sic] in camp all day all packed up ready to move at a moments notice there is heard fighting on the left wee [sic] have whipped [sic] the rebs all to peices [sic] March 31 ... Wee had to pack up and fall in in front of our breast-works expected the rebs to charge our lines but they dare not try it on... April 2 Had a bloody old fight with the Johnnies like the D-l took about fifteen hundred prisinors [sic] a lot of artillery and a good many battle flag April 3 Charged into Petersburg our brigade was the first one in the Johnnies went toward Lynchburg wee followed them encamped for the night at Mulberry Inn April 4 Started about daylight Marched about fifteen through swamps and brush mud and water cleared to our knees passed through Dennisville and by Mercy Court-house Encamped for the night in H-l hole I should think by the looks of the place April 5 And still we continue our march encamped for the night near Websters Plantation after a march of twenty miles Wee drove the Johnnies double quick picked up lots of reb prisinors [sic] that stragled [sic] April 6 Continued our march about day-light the rebs made a stand at Sailors Creek about 3P.M. had a bloody old fight with them wee took about 15,000 prisinors [sic] 60 or 70 wagons 20 pieces of artillery two major generals Lee and Euel [Ewell] their ded [sic] lay in heaps April 7 Continued our march about day-light passed over Rebel General's [unintelligible word] plantation passed by Websters Station went through Farmville every band a playing. encamped for the night near the village. marched about 15 miles April 8 Continued our march about 9 o'clock AM the Cavalry surprise the rebs and captured a lot of prisinors [sic] and waggons [sic] the rebs had to burn about 100 wagons all their commissarys [sic], Clothing Camp equipagge [sic] ordinance and papers of all descriptions to keepe them from falling into our hands. marched twenty miles April 9 Continued our march about daylight passed through New Store we surrounded Lee's whole army about two o'clock PM Lee surrendered about four PM the happiest day ever saw in my life the air was full of caps hats muskets haversacks and men April 10 Staid [sic] in camp all day General Grant isshued 39,000 rations to Lee's army I drawd and ishued two days rations The name of the place where Lee surrendered is called Clover Hill."

    Beeman makes no mention of Abraham Lincoln's assassination but notes on April 19: "Stayed in camp all day ordered to rest from all duty on account of the burial of uncle Abe." He continues his entries through August 17: "April 26 Continued our march about sunrise passed through Halifax all our bands playing the red white and blue. had a good deal of fun with the darkies April 27 Continued our march about sunrise past Danville saw a lot of rebel officers that had deserted Johnston's army and come home... April 28 Cleaned up camp and then went down about a half mile from camp to a creek and had a bully old bath and got a lot of hoecake from an old wench we had a right most fun with the darkies. had an order red [sic] to us that rebel general Johnston had surrendered..."

    Condition: The diary's leather cover has wear commensurate with age, and a one inch rip at the flap. Interior pages are very clean, with bold ink. Beeman's writing is very legible.


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