Skip to main content
Go to accessibility notice


    The Diaries of a Union Soldier in Custer's Brigade

    Union Private Zephania W. Baugher Pocket Diaries. Two diaries with entries in both ink and pencil, approximately 100 pages each, 3" x 6", for the years 1864 and 1865 in the front of each, with each page divided into three days. In concise detail, Private Baugher recorded daily events and during the last two years of the war. Accompanied by two ribbons.
    In part "... [Thursday, January 14]...the general and me rode through the park... [Monday, March 21]...we are still on picket the rebs came on us tonight we held our ground no one hurt... [Saturday, March 26] is cold windy to day I got one leter from olive General released [me] from picket I am an orderly for general bartlet now it is a good plase... [Friday, April 22]...we had a general review I seen old grant to day... [Tuesday, May 3]...we broke up camp at twelve oclock to day and crossed the rapinhana at sun rise we haven't see now rebs yet... [Tuesday, March 6, Battle of Todd's Tavern]...we started this morning we had to fight all day our regiment got cut off we had to fight and run some got killed some missing... [Tuesday, May 10]...we had a small fight to night at daylight we drove them had a fight in the rear we encamped in 18 miles of Richmond we are going to try it... [Wednesday, May 11, Battle of Yellow Tavern]...we burnt another depot destroyed the railroad we are fighting a good deal we had a good fight today took some guns and prisoners drove them... [Sunday, May 29]...we picked up stragglers went on picket at night we are getting along first rate without much fighting the hole army is on the move some plase... [Monday, September 19]...we found the rebels within five miles of Winchester we had a awful hard fight but drove them they are leaving we took a good many prisoners we hold Winchester to night... [Saturday, October 1] is raining some to night we still in camp yet it is all quiet Custer took command of our division to day... [Wednesday, October 19, Battle of Cedar Creek]...the joneys opened up on us before day light flanked the eight corps drove them took some canon then we drove them back captured 55 peaces of artilry wagon train & lot of prisoners...." 1865 Diary, inscribed in ink on end page, "Year of 1865 Zephania W. Baugher Diary My Father's name is Daniel Baugher Oilcreek St. Crawford Co. Tenna." In part,"... [Sunday, April 2]...this is a nice day the twelve Pensylvania Cav came up here yesterday big news from Sherdan ... [Tuesday, April 4]...we broke up camp all the cavalry in the valley went out to strawsburg staid all night... [Sunday, April 9] rained some to day we laid in camp all day big news a stir old lee surrendred at 10 oclock to day that is the best news we can hear... [Friday, May 12]...we got orders to go home all men that their time expired before the first of Oct... [Tuesday, June 13]...this morning we got mustered out of the service of the united states and took the cars and men to whealing..." Both diaries have wear to covers and the 1864 diary has a break at the spine, entries in ink are lightly faded to strong and clearly legible, light soiling throughout as would be normal for a field carried diary. Numerous notations and figures appear on all endpages listing debts and equipment.

    Zephania W. Baugher enlisted on September 20, 1862 as a Private in "D" Co. PA 18th Cavalry. He was reported missing at Opequan, VA on September 19, 1864, but as his dairy reveals, he lived on to fight another day until General Lee's surrender on April 9, 1865. The 18th Cavalry, 163rd Regiment was assigned to General Custer's Michigan brigade in 1863 and took part in the defense of Washington, then became part of the Army of the Potomac. Marching through Hanover, the regiment was attacked by Jeb Stuart's forces, delaying the much needed Confederate cavalry from fighting in Gettysburg. In 1864 the regiment took part in Sheridan's move toward Richmond, then engaged the Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley, Winchester and Cedar Creek, and moved on to the Cumberland, Md., where it was mustered out on June 14, 1865. An extraordinary glimpse into a soldier's daily experiences during the final, intense battles of the Civil War.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    29th-30th Sunday-Monday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 560

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    19.5% of the successful bid (minimum $9) per lot.

    Sold for: Sign-in or Join (free & quick)
    Track Item

    Heritage membership

    Join Now - It's Free

    1. Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
    2. Bid online
    3. Free Collector newsletter
    4. Want List with instant e-mail notifications
    5. Reduced auction commissions when you resell your
    Consign now
    • Cash Advances
    • More Bidders
    • Trusted Experts
    • Over 200,000 Satisfied Consignors Since 1976
    Consign to the 2021 May 2 Luxury Accessories Signature Auction - Dallas.

    Learn about consigning with us

    The department director has the heart of a true and highly knowledgeable collector with the business acumen of someone who has been not only successful but has decades of an impeccable track record
    David Greenburg,
    Chicago, IL
    View More Testimonials receives more traffic than any other auction house website. (Source:

    Video tutorial

    Getting the most out of search