Skip to main content
Go to accessibility notice

    Description

    The only extant Loyalty Oath printed by John Dunlap, printer of the Declaration of the Independence.

    Revolutionary War Loyalty Oath Printed by John Dunlap. Partly printed DS, 1 page, 6" x 4", ([Philadelphia]: John Dunlap, 1777), accomplished on June 28, 1777. The text reads in full "I DO hereby Certify, That Frederick Shenkle of Philad[phi]a Leather dresser Hath voluntarily taken and subscribed the AFFIRMATION of Allegiance and Fidelity, as directed by an ACT of General Assembly of Pennsylvania: passed the 13th day of June, A.D. 1777. Witness may hand and seal, the 25th day of June A.D. 1777." The document was designed to be all-inclusive, mindful of the Quaker prohibition against swearing oaths, instead asking the person to 'affirm' rather than 'swear.' An extremely rare copy (we believe, in fact, unique) of Evans 15519 -- certainly the first we have encountered. An examination of OCLC reveals no extant physical copies in any institution. Light vertical folds, margins slightly irregular, else fine condition. John Dunlap (1747-1812) emigrated to America from Northern Ireland. He published the first daily newspaper in this country beginning in 1784, the Pennsylvania Packet. Appointed printer to Congress, his first printings of the Declaration of Independence (forever known as the "Dunlap" issues) were ordered by John Hancock; a total of 200 broadsides were printed the evening of July 4, 1776. This Oath was issued at a time that had the British occupying New York with colonial fears as to where Howe would next land his forces with Burgoyne marching Southward with a sizable army from Montreal. Those in Pennsylvania feared the battle would soon be in their backyards with Philadelphia under direct threat. And, interestingly, this Oath was printed the day before the Continental Congress approved the new flag designed by Betsy Ross. A remarkable piece of history to say the least!


    Shipping, Taxes, Terms and Bidding
    Calculate Standard Domestic Shipping

    Sales Tax information  |  Terms and Conditions

    Bidding Guidelines and Bid Increments

    Glossary of Terms

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    4th-5th Wednesday-Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 2,948

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    19.5% of the successful bid (minimum $9) per lot.

    Sold for: Sign-in or Join (free & quick)

    Heritage membership

    Join Now - It's Free

    VIEW BENEFITS
    1. Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
    2. Bid online
    3. Free Collector newsletter
    4. Want List with instant e-mail notifications
    5. Reduced auction commissions when you resell your
      winnings 
    Consign now
    • Cash Advances
    • More Bidders
    • Trusted Experts
    • Over 200,000 Satisfied Consignors Since 1976
    Consign to the 2018 October 27 Musical Instruments - Dallas.

    Learn about consigning with us

    You reach a customer base that is in many ways completely unknown to the major auction houses, and your marketing to this base is as professional as one could hope for. As I continue to wind down my holdings.
    Michael Z.,
    Hawthorne, NY
    View More Testimonials

    HA.com receives more traffic than any other auction house website. (Source: Similarweb.com)

    Video tutorial

    Getting the most out of search

    Recent auctions

    2018 May 11 Space Exploration Signature Auction - Dallas
    2018 May 11 Space Exploration Signature Auction - Dallas
    REALIZED SO FAR $1,140,582