Fort Ticonderoga[Fort Ticonderoga] and [Revolutionary War]. Collection of Ten Pay Vouchers from the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga. In early May, 1775, after the opening shots of the Revolutionary War, it was decided in the colonies of Connecticut, New York, and Massachusetts that the safety of said colonies rested in the occupation of the old French and Indian War-era fort, Ticonderoga. In addition to the promise of safety, the fort also held much needed supplies and arms, including cannon. On May 10, a combined force of Green Mountain Boys, led by Ethan Allen, and militia from Connecticut and Massachusetts, commanded by Col. Benedict Arnold, easily overran the small garrison of 48 redcoats. The prisoners were marched to Connecticut and presented to Connecticut Governor Jonathan Trumbull and the cannons and weaponry were sent to Boston for use in fortifying Dorchester Heights. The capture of Ticonderoga, and, seven days later, Fort Saint-Jean, disrupted the communication between northern and southern British military units and became the base for American operations into British Canada.
All ten vouchers are housed in archival sleeves and bound in a brown portfolio with the title "Ticonderoga Enterprise" black-stamped on the front board and includes:
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 6.5" x 5.25", Hartford, January 25, 1776, regarding payment to "George Palmer...the sum of four pounds Eighteen shillings & one penny half penny...being for his supplies for...soldiers on their return from Tyconderoga." Signed by Ezekiel Williams and William Pitkin. Toned with light ink bleed through.
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 7" x 4.5", Hartford, May 31, 1775, regarding payment to "William Nicols...Twenty five pound one Shilling & ten pence...for Disbursements made by him in expedition to Ticonderoga in the Colony's Service." Signed by Oliver Ellsworth, a member of the Continental Congress and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention for the State of Connecticut, William Pitkin, and Thomas Seymour. Toned with light ink bleed through.
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 7.75" x 4", Hartford, October 9, 1775, regarding payment to "Samuel Knapp Four pound Fifteen Shilling for Horse hire supplied the Colony's Service in Expedition to Ticonderoga and Damages to the Horse." Signed by Oliver Ellsworth and Thomas Seymour. Folds.
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 7.5" x 6.25", Hartford, October 3, 1775, regarding payment to "Fisher Gay...one of the Comtee. For Supporting & taking Care of the Ticonderoga Prisoners the Sum of Eleven pound fourteen Shillings." Signed by Oliver Ellsworth and Thomas Seymour. Folds.
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 7.75" x 6", Hartford, July 24, 1775, regarding payment to "Capt. Joseph Dickenson...Seventy Six pounds one Shilling & Six pence...being for Rhum & Sugar...sold...for the use of the Army at & near Ticonderoga." Signed by Oliver Ellsworth and Thomas Seymour. Ink bleed through with few foxing spots.
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 7.5" x 3.25", Hartford, August 15, 1775, regarding payment to "Stephen Turner Four pounds Sixteen Shilling...for Dieting & nursing John [surname obscured by fold] one of the Prisoners of Warr [sic] taken at Ticonderoga." Signed by Oliver Ellsworth and Thomas Seymour. Uneven toning and scattered foxing.
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 7.5" x 6", Hartford, November 1, 1775, regarding payment to "Ez: Williams...to take Care of the Prisoners sent from Ticonderoga, St. Johns &c the Sum of Five pounds." Signed by Oliver Ellsworth and Thomas Seymour. Lower left corner is damaged with slight loss of paper. Light ink bleed through from the verso.
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 8" x 4.5", Hartford, July 15, 1775, regarding payment to "Simeon Belding...Four pounds Sixteen Shilling & Eight Pence...for his Disbursements in the Colony's Service at Ticonderoga." Signed by Oliver Ellsworth and Thomas Seymour. Light ink bleed through.
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 7.75" x 4.5", Hartford, October 27, 1775, regarding payment to "John H. Lord Sum of Seventeen Pounds Nine Shillings...for Boarding Capt. Delaplace & Family & other of the Prisoners from Ticonderoga." Signed by Oliver Ellsworth and Ezekiel Williams. Ink bleed through. Delaplace was the British commander of the fort when it was taken.
Pay Voucher. Two pages, 8.25" x 4.75", Hartford, July 19, 1775, regarding payment to "Ichabod Fitch...Twelve pounds...being for Sheep Supplyd...for use of the Troops at Ticonderoga." Signed by Oliver Ellsworth and Thomas Seymour. Light ink bleed through and folds.
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