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    Rare Hartford Convention Proceedings pamphlet and newspaper extra. Each has identical content.

    (1) Pamphlet The/Proceedings/of a/Convention of Delegates,/from the States of/Massachusetts, Connecticut,/and Rhode-Island;/the Counties of Cheshire and/Grafton,/in the State of New Hampshire;/and the/County of Windham,/in the State of Vermont;-/Convened at/Hartford,/in the/State of Connecticut,/December 15th, 1814, Hartford: Printed for Andrus and Starr, 1815, 40 pages, 5.5" x 9". The last 12 pages, titled "Statements," lists expenses of the War of 1812, Treasury receipts, yearly revenue and expenditures since the adoption of the Constitution, number of soldiers and enlistments, internal duties collected by the U.S. in the first two quarters of 1814 by state, and annual exports per state. Fine condition.

    (2) Newspaper Extra Connecticut Courant, Extra, January 6, 1815. The Proceedings of a Convention of Delegates...(same title as the pamphlet above), three pages on two conjoined sheets, 12" x 18.75". Printed on three pages; verso of third page blank. Four columns of text on first two pages, three columns of figures on the third page. Fine condition.

    On June 18, 1812, President Madison signed a declaration of war against Great Britain. In the presidential election of 1812, every New England state except Vermont voted Federalist, against Madison, the Democratic-Republican nominee. The Federalists were opposed to Madison's mercantile policies and the War of 1812. The British blockaded the New England ports which depended on trade with Europe. The war had a crippling effect on their fishing industry and foreign commerce.

    On October 18, 1814, the Massachusetts legislature issued a call to the other New England states for a conference in Hartford, Connecticut. Representatives were sent by the state legislatures of Connecticut (7), Massachusetts (12), and Rhode Island (4). One delegates from a county in Vermont and one delegate each from two New Hampshire counties were elected by Federalists. The meetings of the 26 representatives were held in secret from December 15, 1814 to January 5, 1815. There were delegates who contemplated secession and a separate peace with Britain. The convention adopted a strong states' rights position and proposed seven constitutional amendments that would redress what the New Englanders considered the unfair advantage given the South under the U.S. Constitution.

    The news of the Treaty of Ghent ending the war and of Gen. Andrew Jackson's victory at New Orleans arrived at about the same time as the ending of the Hartford Convention. Because the meetings were secret, there were rumors that it was a secessionist convention which irreparably damaged the reputation of the Federalist Party. Many called it treason. In the presidential election of 1816, the Federalists only won Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Delaware, losing the other 34 states to the Democratic-Republicans and James Monroe. It was their last presidential campaign. Shortly thereafter, the Federalist Party dissolved.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    4th-5th Wednesday-Thursday
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