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    Fourth United States Cavalry Document Archive. This extensive archive documents the Fourth United States Cavalry Regiment between 1866 and 1881 through the letters and official military papers of Major Clarence Mauck. Organized by year, the archive contains numerous letters (official and personal), pay audits, special orders, pay stubs, employment reports, purchasing invoices, abstracts, expenditures, quartermaster monthly reports, life insurance policies, requisition forms, receipts, Western Union telegraphs, and more. Also included is a partial Rutherford B. Hayes printed address: "Message from the President of the United States communicating the report of the commission appointed under the provisions of the act approved May 3, 1878, entitled 'An act authorizing the President . . . to make certain negotiations with the Ute Indians in the State of Colorado.'"

    This archive also includes interesting military letters such as a letter from Mauck to General Joseph Holt, Judge Advocate General, requesting a promotion. Mauck writes that after in 1862, a Fourth Cavalry captain "left his command, went South and joined the rebels." Mauck continues, "At the time . . . I was senior 1st Leut. Of the Regt. and I think entitled to promotion from the date he left his command." The letter, signed by Mauck, contains the judgment-in favor of Mauck's promotion-affixed to the verso of the letter. Also included is an abundance of personal letters which narrates Mauck's life as an officer in the regiment. As a young newly married officer in 1869, Mauck wrote to "Pa" from Austin that "Helen and I have settled down into a staid married life which we hope will soon be cheered by the advent of a little stranger." Especially moving are the final letters which tell of Mauck's death by "the lung trouble . . . consumption" in early 1881. The archive also contains several letters and documents concerning Mauck's widow's claims for "arrears of Pay".

    The historically significant Fourth U.S. Cavalry Regiment was established in 1855 in Missouri. Its first action was on a peacekeeping mission between the free-state and pro-slavery factions in Bleeding Kansas during the late 1850s. The regiment was Colonel Robert E. Lee's last Federal command before resigning and accepting a position with the Confederacy. During the Civil War, the regiment fought in Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, and the Indian Territory. Following the war, the regiment was sent to Texas with the task of protecting Anglo settlements against Indians in west-central Texas; it soon became one of the most active and effective units in Texas against the Indians.

    Major Clarence Mauck (1839-1881) served in the Fourth Cavalry Regiment throughout the Civil War; he was wounded in a battle near Atlanta, Georgia. During the early part of Reconstruction, he was stationed in Austin, Texas. In 1871, he was given command of a failed Fourth U.S. Cavalry campaign against a Comanche war party in West Texas. Despite this failure, many of the letters show that Mauck was highly respected in the regiment: "Your reputation during the late war was very good. . . . [You are] An officer of intelligence." All documents are in generally fine condition, though a small number have rodent damage. Prospective buyers are advised to view all items in the lot carefully prior to bidding.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    January, 2009
    24th-25th Saturday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 3
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,383

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