Confederate States of America: 10th Texas Regiment "Wilson...Click the image to load the highest resolution version.
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DescriptionConfederate States of America: 10th Texas Regiment "Wilson Guards" Battle of Arkansas Post First National "Trophy" Flag.
70" x 41.5" wool bunting hand-stitched First National Flag with eleven appliqued stars in the canton, arranged in a "Betsy Ross" or Medallion pattern, on both sides. The central white stripe has a hand-painted inscription reading "Wilson Guards." flanking a five-pointed star in green with red dots. The canton is a teal color. Each star is highlighted with decorative trim. The hoist is doubled over (reinforced). There is a silk attachment loop in the center of the hoist and a braided silk attachment cord at the bottom. The bottom edge has an overlapping border of red silk and white cotton. The fly has a white cotton border. The top edge has a combination of red silk and white cotton border or edging. Condition: Light toning, fading to canton, scattered light stains and mothing, short tear to upper right corner and stain in upper left corner. Very good overall.
History: The 10th Regiment Texas Infantry was organized in the fall and winter of 1861. It consisted of six companies. The regiment's first colonel was its organizer, Allison Nelson. Company D was given the designation "Wilson Guards". The regiment fought at Arkansas Post, Chickamauga (with Patrick Cleburne's Division), Missionary Ridge, Ringgold Gap, Atlanta Campaign, Franklin, Nashville, Averasborough and Bentonville. The regiment was captured at their first engagement, Arkansas Post, and subsequently exchanged. Prior to that battle, they were part of the 4th brigade of Walker's Texas Division under John George Walker (Walker's Greyhounds). The flag was likely made by a group of Texas women and presented to the company at the time of their muster. It became a "war trophy" following the Battle of Arkansas Post when it fell into the hands of the 57th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
Provenance: The flag is accompanied by a notarized Letter of Provenance from the consignor, indicating it "has been in my family's possession since my great, great grandfather was given it by his troops after its capture at the Battle of Arkansas Post on January 11, 1863". That person was the regiment's commander, Colonel William Mungen. The line of ownership runs:
Col. William Mungen
Displayed at the Findlay, Ohio bakery of son-in-law Ephraim Johnson Totten
Daughter Jennie Mungen (m. Jacob Henry Boger)
Grand-daughter Mary Corrine Boger (m. Harry William Stark)
Great-grandson Harry Boger Stark
The current consignor
The lot also includes: an extensive history of the "10th Texas Infantry Regiment", a copy of Sumrall's "Battle Flags of Texans in the Confederacy" which illustrates a similar flag on page 47, a color photocopy of a large albumen portrait of Colonel William Mungen in uniform, a color photocopy of an envelope & 4-page letter written from Mungen to his wife on January 24th 1863 describing the battle at Arkanasas Post incorporating a sketch of a near-fatal miss and battle map, and the original display tag from Totten's bakery inscribed "Rebel Flag Captured by 57 Reg at Battle Arkansas Post". This is an important Civil War artifact with great Texas association and impeccable provenance which we are very proud to offer.
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