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    Description

    Confederate Lieutenant John Irwin Kendall Archive. Contains almost forty nineteenth century photographs and over fifty letters, documents, and manuscripts. Most of the letters are accompanied by their transmittal envelopes and are Civil War-dated from various family members and sweethearts to the Confederate officer, a native of Mississippi who served as aide-de-camp to Major General Edward C. Walthall of Stewart's Corps. All letters (including a Nathaniel P. Banks Letter Signed), documents, and photographs have been well-cared-for and exhibit the usual foxing, toning, and occasional fold separations.

    John Kendall (1841-1898) lived much of his early life between New Orleans and Ocean Springs, Mississippi. After enlisting as a private in the Fourth Louisiana Infantry near the outbreak of the Civil War, Kendall participated in several early battles and sieges, including those at Shiloh, Vicksburg, Baton Rouge, and Port Hudson, where he was captured. He quickly escaped and rejoined his regiment in Georgia. He subsequently fought at the battles of New Hope Church, Lookout Mountain, Atlanta, Franklin, and Nashville, where he was wounded in the shoulder and again captured. Along with other Confederate officers, he was sent north to confinement at Johnson's Island on Lake Erie. He was released in June 1865. Following the war, Kendall returned to practice law in Mississippi, where he married Mary Elizabeth Smith in 1872. He spent most of his post-war years in the railroad business.

    This archive includes letters from Kendall's parents, siblings, other relatives, and girlfriends, including his future wife, Mary Smith. Most of the letters were written to Kendall as he marched from battlefield to battlefield and contain news of home, politics, and various events of the Civil War. (Kendall himself wrote none of the letters in the archive.)

    William Gray Kendall, the father of John Irwin Kendall, wrote a few of the letters concerning his own capture by the U.S. Navy off the Alabama coast near Mobile. After his Union captors found that the elder Kendall worked for the Confederate government (according to a letter from his wife, Mary, he was "a [Confederate] Government officer . . . Quartermaster"), they took him to Texas where he "was shut up below decks the only light being through the port holes" (February 26, 1864). William Kendall's letters, as well as those from his wife, tell the intriguing story of his capture and detainment in Texas.

    Also included are several U.S. military letters to the New Orleans Picayune, including a General Nathaniel P. Banks Letter Signed "N. P. Banks" to "the Editor of the Picayune." This letter, dated August 18, 1864, on "Headquarters, Department of the Gulf, New Orleans" letterhead orders the New Orleans Picayune to cease printing criticisms of Union officers. "I have noticed with regret," the letter reads, "that in one of the Journals criticisms have been published upon the conduct of officers in active service in the Field. These are injurious to the public Service, and when anonymous, ought not to be considered. If accompanied by the name of any respectable party they Should be forwarded to Headquarters where alone they can be properly considered." Another letter on official military letterhead notifies the Picayune on May 25, 1864, that it is being shut down: "By direction of the Provost Marshal General Dept. of the Gulf in obedience to an order from the Major General Commanding the Department, the publication of the Picayune 'Newspaper' is hereby suppressed until further orders." This letter is signed by Curtis W. Killborn, "Col and Actg C.S.P. Dept of the Gulf."

    Letters signed by Louisiana Governor Francis T. Nicholls and Louisiana Lieutenant Governor D. B. Penn are also included, as are approximately forty photographs of Kendall and family members - some featuring the lieutenant during the Civil War and after. Also included in the archive is a lengthy Columbia University manuscript essay on Greek philosophy by Isoline Rodd Kendall, the wife of John Smith Kendall. John S. Kendall (1874-1965) was the son of John Irwin Smith. He graduated from Tulane University and reported for the New Orleans Times-Picayune from 1890 through 1914. During the Spanish-American War, he was a war correspondent for the newspaper covering the Second Louisiana Volunteer Infantry. Several official documents certifying J. S. Kendall as a war correspondent are also included.


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    Auction Dates
    December, 2010
    11th Saturday
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