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    Revealing Account of Aftermath of Battle of Gettysburg. Fifteen page manuscript account titled "A Trip to the Battlefield of Gettysburg By J.W.M. July 23d 1863". This was compiled by newspaper publisher John W. Mix and was published in the Bradford [PA] Argus on July 30, 1863. It is written on 7 3/4" x 12 3/4" bifolium stationery, lacking integral leaves (single sheets). Unlike Civil War letters by soldiers, this is a first-hand account by a reporter who received permission from Generals Couch and King to travel to Gettysburg, interview participants and witnesses and write his impressions of the aftermath of battle. He traveled there with concerned citizens who gathered medical supplies to tend to the wounded. They left on Monday the 6th, but did not reach their destination until the evening of the 8th. The first five pages of the document recounts their journey and the sights along the way. The balance of the document includes some surprising observations, anecdotes and interviews. These include the story of Union soldiers at "Cemetery Hill" who anticipated a battle and overturned the tombstones, laying them flat on the ground, so they would not incur damage from artillery shells and could be restored later. The woman who owned the house that Robert E. Lee commandeered as his headquarters during the battle said friends had urged her to poison Lee's wine but, even though she initially went along with the plan, couldn't bring herself to do the dastardly deed. Of special interest are the interviews with rebel prisoners-of-war. "Walking along we met a young man of fine appearance who we stopped to have a few words with him. He said he was an aid on the Colonels staff who commanded the Florida brigade which was captured in the first days battle. He was a good specimen of a genuine rebel and a regular rabid secesh. Soon a crowd gathered around our company and we were surrounded and cut off by the Rebels but we were not afraid of being taken to Richmond on a free ticket. In our conversation we alluded to the Battle. And they all considered that they were whipped there, but they had great confidence in Lee and said his intentions were on Baltimore and that he would be there yet before he crossed the Potomac. They said that our victory at Gettysburg would prolong the war five years. He then spoke of Vicksburg and you could not make them believe that Vicksburg had been taken. They said it was impossible and it was impregnable. But alas! Vicksburg was ours and Lee was also over the Potomac without gaining a victory. They said that they had been preparing for this raid for nearly a year and that Lee before they started issued to them an address telling them to throw away tents blankets & c. as they would get enough of them in Pennsylvania. And when they arrived in Pennsylvania they did not destroy the crops for the reason that they told the farmers that they would harvest them for them when they got ripe. They also said they did not expect to encounter General Meade but thought they would have only the Pennsylvania Militia to fight. They seemed confident of success ultimately and persons could see to what a great extent they had been deceived by their leaders. Lee crossed the Potomac with 110,000 men." The manuscript describes the geography of the town, the battle scared buildings and their utilization both during and after the battle. A gripping and historic account. Sold together with three 1871 Library of Congress Copyright documents issued to Mix for various inventions and works.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    December, 2015
    12th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
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    We had a wonderful time in New York during the October 2013 Historical Manuscripts auction that featured my mother’s papers collected during her tenure as Martin Luther King, Jr.’s secretary. In fact, the entire experience from beginning to end has been a pleasure.
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