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    Description

    Report of Operations of the 7th New Jersey, May-July 1864. Seventeen pages bound at top with ribbon, 7.75" x 10", August 5, 1864, compiled and submitted by Captain Thomas C. Thompson. The report covers the regiment's "several operations of the campaign from the crossing of the Rapidan May 3rd 1864 to July 30th 1864", which included the Battle of the Wilderness, Battle of Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg. Thompson's report begins with the details of the Battle of the Wilderness and the 7th New Jersey's involvement in the attack. He describes the following:

    "...In compliance with orders breastworks were hastily constructed and about 5 PM the enemy being in front orders were given to advance. The regiment was in the first line of battle a second line following at supporting distance. Proceeding some three hundred yards through a dense jungle of scrub Oak, which in a degree was almost impassable, it became necessary to halt and reform line. This was found to be almost impossible as nearly the whole regiment had become overlapped by the regiments on right and left. To avoid additional confusion the regiment was withdrawn a few paces to the rear in order to reestablish the line and just when in readiness to press forward the enemy attacked but was repulsed..."

    The Battle of the Wilderness was only one of the confusing and disorganized battles that the 7th New Jersey participated in during this campaign. Further into the report, Thompson describes the disarray that occurred at the Battle of Cold Harbor:

    "...On the morning of June 19th Maj. Cooper who throughout the campaign had ably commanded the regiment was disabled by a wound in his ankle, received while performing the duty of division officer of the day. Being the senior officer present I assumed command of the regiment. On the 20th I marched to the left, and on the 21st joined in the reconnoisance [sic] beyond our left flank. Upon returning and being assigned a position on the right of the 2nd division of the 2nd corps...my right joined with left of the 16th Massachusetts my left connected with a regiment of the 1st division, the whole of which division, I believe, being the left of the line of battle, while engaged at work in the trenches the enemy attacked the left flank of the 1st division which gave way and retreated past my command in great disorder. Shortly after the left gave way I was informed by several of my officers that there were no troops upon my right and finding that to remain was certain capture I ordered my command to fall back. Following along the line of earthworks I halted and rallied a position of my command but finding the confusion so great that a stand would be useless I again ordered a retreat. Amid the confusion incident to the occasion, the colors by some means became separated...I learned that the national color, two officers and some forty enlisted men were missing..."

    At the end of the report, Captain Thompson has compiled a list of commission officers and enlisted men who were killed, wounded, or missing during the campaign period. In total, the 7th New Jersey lost 168 men between May 3 to July 30, 1864.

    Condition: Usual mail folds, some minor toning along edges. Small amounts of soiling throughout and a small area of dampstaining. Very fine condition.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2018
    18th Wednesday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 3
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 557

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