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    Civil War Archive of George Morgan, 11th New Hampshire Infantry. The archive consists of six letters written to his brother Austin and dating from December 16, 1862 to September 23, 1863. 1) Letter signed "George Morgan." Four pages, 5" x 8", [near Fredericksburg, Virginia]; December 16, 1862. Writing days after the Union defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Morgan reports on action in and around the town. "We went over to the city last Friday morning. They bombarded the city a Thursday and drove the rebbles [sic] out. There was a lot went over before we went. We lade [sic] by the side of the river that day and knight [sic]. There is a steep high bank along side the river and we lade [sic] close down to the river so the shells went over us but some of them struck into the river. They killed one man...that belong to the 12th regt....There was a regt. a coming over the hill and the rebbles [sic] throwed [sic] over and one struck rite in among them and it lade [sic] out three. I don't know whether it killed them or not. They carried them off in a[n] ambulance. It is a hard business to see them killed. We went up on to the street and thare [sic] we see some half a dozen dead rebbles [sic]....The next day was Saturday and we went into the battle about one oclock and we stade [sic] on the field till after dark and then we went back down to the river. They carried of[f] our wounded that knight [sic] and the dead lay thare [sic]. Now they don't dare to go and bury them. They went and picked up some blanket and other stuff but the rebbles [sic] sharp shooters fired at them.....Austin you wanted to know hough [sic] near I came a gitting [sic] hit. I can't tell you exactly but I guess that the bullets came nearer me than you would want...there was one shell that throd [sic] the dirt and mud all over me. The damn things whistled pretty close to me some times." 2) Letter signed "George Morgan." Four page bifolium, 5" x 8", [Mount Sterling and Winchester, Kentucky]; [April 4 and April 18, (1863)]. In this letter, written over two dates and from two locations, Morgan writes of his regiment's travels from Newport News, Virginia, to Winchester, Kentucky. 3) Letter signed "George Morgan." Four page bifolium, 5" x 8", Mill Dale [Milldale], Mississippi; June 22, 1863. After spending time at various locations in Kentucky, the 11th New Hampshire moved to Vicksburg, Mississippi, and was attached to the Army of the Tennessee. In this letter, Morgan writes of the infantry's travels from Kentucky to Milldale, "within 12 or 15 miles of Vicksburg. We can hear the cannon plain from thare [sic]. I don't think that we shall have any feighting [sic] to do thare [sic] at present." At the end of the letter Morgan expresses his low opinion of blacks, claiming there are "niggers here by the whole sale and they don't know so much as our cattle. I had rather have our old farm than to have the best plantation they is in this state." 4) Letter signed "George Morgan." Four page bifolium, 4.5" x 7.5", Nicholasville [Kentucky]; August 29, [1863]. By the time of this letter, the 11th New Hampshire was back in Kentucky. Morgan expresses his concern that his brother Austin was drafted and instructs him to pay the $300 bounty rather than enter the army, "I don't feel so bad for you as I do for Father and Mother. But never mind, I want you to stay thare [sic] till I get home. You give them the three hundred dollars and tell them to go to Hell. I will be willing to pay it myself. If you come out here we should loose [sic] as much in one year as you would pay the three hundred. Three hundred dollars would not kill us half so quick as a damned bullet would." 5) Letter signed "George Morgan." Eight pages, 5" x 8" [4 pages], 4.75" x 5" [4 pages], Crab Orchard, Kentucky; September 12, 1863. In this letter, Morgan again advises his brother Austin to pay the $300 bounty rather than join the army and reasserts his hatred of black people, "I want you to pay the three hundred dollars and tell them to stick it rite [sic] in thare [sic] damn ass....They had no business to draft you. I hope every man will pay the $300 dollars but I suppose thare [sic] is some that can't....I think more of the old democret [sic] party than ever I did before. France says he is a going to take home a nigger boy. When I get home I would kill the nigger just as quick as I would a snake." 6) Letter signed "George Morgan." Four page bifolium, 5" x 8", Camp Loudon, [Kentucky]; September 23, 1863. In this letter, Morgan continues on about the possibility of his brother joining the army, "I shall advise and every boddy [sic] els [sic] to keep out of this war just as long as you can....I have been dreged [sic] down until I could hardley go or stand and would have give all that I have to get out of it free and clear."

    George Morgan (1834-1864), from Sutton, New Hampshire, enlisted as a private in Company F, 11th New Hampshire Infantry on August 20, 1862. His first engagement in battle came at Fredericksburg in December 1862. After returning from eastern Tennessee where the 11th New Hampshire spent the winter of 1863-1864, Morgan became ill while at Annapolis and was still hospitalized there in May when the corps marched off to join Generals Meade and Grant in the Overland Campaign. He was subsequently transferred to a hospital in Philadelphia where he recovered and was detailed as a nurse during the spring and summer of 1864. Morgan continued to work at the Chestnut Hill Hospital until July 1864, when he was called to assist with the defense of Washington, DC, when it was threatened by Confederate General Jubal Early's forces. It appears that Morgan contracted diphtheria while in the nation's capital and died in an Alexandria hospital.

    The 11th New Hampshire Volunteer Regiment served in the Civil War from October 4, 1862 to June 4, 1865. It was organized on September 2, 1862, and mustered in at Concord, New Hampshire. From September 11 to 14, 1862, the 11th moved to Washington, D.C. It was attached to Briggs' Brigade, Casey's Division, Military District of Washington, until October 1862, and then to the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, until March 1863. From then, its assignments were: 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to June 1863; 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to August 1863; 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Dept. of the Ohio, to April 1864; and the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June 1865. It participated in a number of engagements, including the Battle of Fredericksburg, the Battle of Cedar Creek, the Siege of Petersburg, the Battle of the Wilderness, and the Battle of Cold Harbor.

    Each letter is accompanied by a full transcription.

    Condition: Letters have the usual folds; otherwise good.


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