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    Civil War Archive of Charles W. Hobbs, New Hampshire 13th Infantry. Four letters, three with canceled postal covers, from Hobbs to his friend, Louisa Richardson (b. 1846), the daughter of John and Louisa Richardson of Pelham, New Hampshire, who married Winfield S. Hughes in 1878. The letters range in date from April 30, 1863 to July 13, 1864. 1) Letter signed "C.W. Hobbs." Four page bifolium, 7.75" x 9.5", Columbian Hospital, Washington, DC; April 30, 1863. In this letter, Hobbs writes about the weather in the nation's capital and respond to news from home. He provides no reason as to why he is writing from the hospital. 2) Letter signed "C.W. Hobbs." Four page bifolium, 4.75" x 7.75", Camp Gilmore, near Portsmouth, Virginia; September 15, 1863. In this letter to Louisa, Hobbs writes of his recent activities and the hard work he and his fellow soldiers endure. "I have been through Washington Convalescent and Distribution Camp, from there to Alexandria, then down the Potomac to Point Lookout where we left some of our boatload, thence down the Chesapeake Bay to Fortress Monroe where we went over to Norfolk, by the wreck of the Merrimac and rebel battery at Craney Island that so much was said about at the beginning of the war....We have to work like dogs all the time and live worse still." 3) Letter signed "Charles W. H." Four page bifolium, 4.75" x 8", Camp Gilmore, near Portsmouth, Virginia; October 27, 1863. Hobbs writes to Louisa that a furlough is out of the question at the moment, and then describes the fun the soldiers are having with the conscription substitutes. "We are having great times with our 'Subs.' They get drunk and get to fighting or some such 'devilry' every day and then they take 4 or 5 of them everyday and fasten logs of wood to their legs and they have to drag them till they get tired out. Yesterday they had one fellow with a barrel on for a coat and a log tied to each leg and he had to travel from 9 in the morning till 5 in the afternoon and if he hadn't been mightily tough it would have killed him. Most of them are so tough that they can't be killed." 4) Letter signed "Chas." Four page bifolium, 4.75" x 8", "Near Petersburg", [Virginia]; July 13, 1864. In this letter to Louisa, Hobbs writes that he is on the front line of the war. He describes how he spent the 4th of July, "about dark on the night of the 3rd we went out to the front line and 3 companies of us...went out still farther into little holes large enough for one man to get into and watched the rebs all night, no sleep at all. One of their amusements was to throw shells at us, instead of throwing fireworks into the windows they tried to throw bombshells into our holes....The fireworks in the evening consisted of mortar shells which make quite pretty fireworks going but not so nice coming towards you. We expected a rough time of the 4th but it passed of [sic] with out anything unusual."

    Charles William Hobbs (1844-1924) was the son of Moody Hobbs (1809-18?) and Elizabeth P. Spofford (1815-1863) of Pelham, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. He enlisted in August 18, 1862 as a corporal, and was mustered into Company I, 13th New Hampshire Infantry on September 20, 1862. Charles married Sarah Abbie Jane Sleeper (1849-1925) in 1870 and together they had seven children.

    The 13th New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The unit was organized in Concord, New Hampshire, and mustered in for a three-year enlistment on September 20, 1862. The regiment was participated in a number of engagements, including the Battle of Fredericksburg, the Battle of Cold Harbor, the Siege of Petersburg, the Battle of Chaffin's Farm, and the Battle of Fair Oaks. The regiment is reputed to have the distinction of having the first U.S. flags in the city of Richmond, Virginia, on April 3, 1865. The 13th New Hampshire Infantry mustered out of service June 22, 1865.

    Two of the four letters are accompanied by a transcription.

    Condition: The letters have the usual folds; letter 1 has tears along the intersections of the folds; otherwise, other three letters are in good condition.



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