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    1865 Civil War Diary of Wm. M. Lundy, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Corps, 63rd Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 2.75" x 6.25", 94 pages of diary (48 blank) pocket diary, bound in black cloth, dating from January 1, 1865 to November 1, 1865 (last entry) (last page of diary is dated November 26). Entries from January 1 through May 6 are filled in, but rest of diary is mostly blank, except for an occasional short entry. Entries are a mix of pen and pencil. The dairy is accompanied by a 1965 copy of a typed transcription, along with a September 14, 1964 letter from a William B. Haines of the State of Ohio's Adjutant General's Department, claiming that the diary may have belonged to Willits Lundy, Company G, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Corps, in the 178th Regiment of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The diary, however, matches up with the movements of the 63rd Indiana Volunteer Infantry in 1865, and there was a William Lundy in the regiment.

    During the period covered by Lundy's 1865 diary, the 63rd Indiana Volunteer Infantry was primarily involved in the Carolinas Campaign. Lundy's entries refer to the weather, what soldiers ate, rumors swirling around camp, troop movements, military news, and engagements with the enemy. The regiment's first movement of the year was from Clifton, Tennessee to Washington, D.C., reaching the nation's capital on January 25. While in Washington, Lundy mentioned the passage of the 13th Amendment on January 31: "Great excitement in washington [sic] over the amendment to the constitution passed 119 to 56." Two days later, on February 2, Lundy visited " Washington City. Visited the capitol. Went through most of it. Visited the port office and patent office, and Smithsonian institute. Saw president Lincoln"

    The regiment left Washington on February 5 and headed to North Carolina, where it participated in the Battle of Wilmington from February 11-22. On February 11, Lundy recorded that the regiment went "up the river this morning to support the negro troops while they pitched into the Rebs. They went into them in fine style and captured there [sic] skirmish lines 63 Rebs. The gunboats and monitors shelled Fort Anderson all day." Eight days later, on February 19, Lundy wrote of another attack on Fort Anderson. The gun boats "kept up a continual firing all night on Fort Anderson. Two. Brig. moved to the right and turn the rebel flank and they commenced leaving at day light. The last of them was leaving our boys rushed on them and captured 40 of them. We folowed [sic] them all day scurmishing [sic] all the way. 9 heavy guns fell to our hands here." On February 22, the city of Wilmington fell to Union forces. On that day, Lundy recorded "about 10 oclock the rebels left Wilmington after destroying the Rail Road bridges and depos. They left a large amount of canon and stores of all kinds." After the capture of Wilmington, Lundy's regiment marched toward the town of Goldsboro, which was occupied on March 24. The day before, March 23, Lundy recorded the arrival on General William T. Sherman. "About 9 oclock General Sherman arived [sic] in town with his staff and escort. Evry [sic] bodey [sic] was in great bustle to see oll pap sherman as we all call him. The artillery was run out and gave him a salute." On April 6 Lundy wrote that "This morning was very pleasant and all quiet until about 11 oclock when a dispatch came...that Grant had taken Richmond which caused the greatest excitement and wildest delight ever witnessed." More good news was recorded by Lundy on April 12, when he wrote, "This morning just as got started out we met a courier from General Sherman giving us the glorious news that Lee had surrendered his hole [sic] army...which caused the greates [sic] joy and excitement I ever saw." The euphoria in camp was disrupted by news that arrived on April 17. "This evening we got news of the death of Mr. Lincoln which caused great excitement through the hole [sic] camp." The next day, Lundy's entry was "The excitement caused by the death of the President continues to get higher and we have to double the guards in the city to keep it from being burned down. The men are so exasperated they might do any thing." On April 27 Lundy recorded that "we got the good news that [General] Johnson had surrendered [sic] his army to General Sherman and the war was over and as soon as we could get ready we would start for home." Lundy's last entry as a soldier was recorded on May 6, when he was in Greensboro, North Carolina. His regiment mustered out on June 21, 1865.

    Condition: Spine mostly missing; covers worn and rubbed, front cover almost separated and back cover loose, missing flap; pages for May 7 through June 5 are missing. Some pages show slight tears and several pages taped. Some of the entries written in pencil are faded. Fragile.

    More Information: William M. Lundy served as a bugler in Company K of the 63rd Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He entered the service as a private and was mustered out at the rank of Sergeant.

    The 63rd Indiana Infantry was organized at Lafayette, Indiana, beginning February 21, 1862, as a battalion of four companies: A, B, C, and D. The remainder of the regiment was organized later in 1862 in Indianapolis. The regiment participated in a number of important engagements, including the Atlanta Campaign, the Battles of Jonesboro, Franklin, Nashville, and the Carolinas Campaign. Companies A, B, C, and D mustered out May 3, 1865. The remainder of the regiment mustered out of service on June 21, 1865.

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