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    Civil War Diaries of Jeremiah S. Moore, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Two diaries. 1) 3" x 5", 136 pages (13 pages blank and several pages removed); pocket diary, bound in black leather (back cover missing) covered in thin plastic wrapping, dating from November 29, 1862 to October 27, 1863. Entries in pen and pencil. 2) 3.75" x 5.25", 104 pages (6 blank); pocket diary, bound in brown leather (front cover and part of spine missing), dating from May 2, 1864 to September 10, 1864. Entries in pencil. With: Unbound diary pages, 3" x 5", 11 full pages, along with one that's torn in half (2 pages blank); dating from October 29, 1863 to January 5, 1864. Entries in ink and pencil.

    Moore's entries, many of which are brief, record his regiment's movements, the weather, and what's happening in camp. The earliest diary begins several weeks before the Battle of Fredericksburg, which took place on December 12-15, 1862, resulting in a devastating Union defeat. On December 11, Moore wrote "Company moved early in morning to near the river. Bombardment of Fredericksburg." The next day his brief entry was "Crossed over the river...Great Battle." On April 5, 1863, Moore recorded that his regiment "left camp at eight o'clock in the morning and marched to near Falmouth where it was reviewed together the whole cavalry corps by the President, Gen Hooker & Gen. Stoneman."

    On June 9 Moore wrote in his diary that it was "The day of the great Cavalry fight Beverly ford," known as the Battle of Brandy Station, an inconclusive engagement that is considered the largest predominately cavalry battle of the Civil War. In late June of 1863, Moore's regiment marched toward Pennsylvania to encounter Confederate forces that had moved into that state. During the Battle of Gettysburg, Moore recorded the activities of his company. On July 3, his company "left Emmitsburg at noon. Marched to Waynesburg with one hundred men", and on July 4 he wrote "Left Waynesburg at 2 o'clock AM and marched to Greencastle. Had a skirmish with the rebels in the town and captured some prisoners." By August, Moore's regiment was back in Virginia and had another encounter with Confederate troops at Brandy Station. On August 1, Moore wrote that the regiment "left camp at day light. Marched to Rappahannock Station. Crossed the river...met the enemy one mile from the river, drove him back to near Culpepper and then fell back against Brandy Station and remained for the night. Had a very hard fight." Three days later, on August 4, there was more fighting, as "The Rebels attacked our pickets...when we went out and fought for three hours, driving the enemy back one mile and a half. Had one man killed."

    Moore's second diary begins on May 2, 1864, when his regiment began its participation in the Rapidan Campaign. On May 7, Moore's entry related to the fighting at Todds Tavern in Virginia. "Remained in cam till noon when we saddled up and marched to the front at Todds Tavern, where we soon got orders to go to Spotsylvania C. H. but had not got over half a mile on the road when we run on the Rebels and a hard fight ensued, continued till dark. We drove the enemy two miles but lost very heavily. Five officers and forty five men missing from the Regt." The Confederate forces surrendered two days later. In late July 1864, Moore's regiment was back at Malvern Hill, where it encountered a Confederate force. On that day, Moore recorded that "The Brigade saddled up at daylight but remained in line till noon when the Rebel infantry drove in our pickets and then charged on us with strong force but were repulsed leaving four sets of Colors in our hands."

    Jeremiah S. Moore enlisted in the 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry in Philadelphia at age 22 on September 4, 1861. He was mustered in as a corporal in Company C on the same day. Moore was mustered out on September 15, 1864.

    The 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry was known for their early use of 9-foot lances, and were called "Rush's Lancers." The regiment was raised during August and September 1861 from companies raised in Philadelphia, Montgomery, and Berks counties by Richard H. Rush, who had been authorized to do so by Governor Curtin. Rush was appointed colonel of the regiment. At the suggestion of Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, the men were armed with Austrian lances. After several weeks of training in Philadelphia, the regiment was transferred to Washington, D.C., where it was assigned to the Cavalry Division of the Army of the Potomac. The 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry participated in a number of important engagements, including the Seven Days Battles, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, the Siege of Petersburg, and the Battle of Five Forks. The regiment was mustered out in Louisville, Kentucky, in August 1865.

    Diaries accompanied by printouts of two pages of information on Moore and casualty analysis of the 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry.

    Condition: The earliest diary is missing the back cover, with tape on spine; internally it has several pages missing from front, pages dirty and curled at edges, moisture stains at top of some pages. The second diary is missing front cover and part of spine; internally sound, front pages torn and curled; pencil writing is faded on first two pages. Additional loose sheets have detached and torn pages. Overall, condition is fair.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    May, 2021
    19th Wednesday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 225

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