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    Archive of Lt. Charles R. Pomeroy, 33rd Ohio Veteran Vol. Infantry - KIA before Atlanta August 13, 1864. Letters from Libby Prison, diagram of his burial site & head board carved on the cover of a cartridge box.
    The items in this archive tell quite a story. There are 2 letters from Charles writing to his father from Libby Prison, one letter from his sister to him in prison, a letter from Charles near Marietta, Ga. written on rebel paper, a letter from Dr. Bonner about the spot where Charles was buried, a drawing of the head board... and even a Confederate letter that was found on the battlefield by Charles and kept in his affects! The story of Charles R. Pomeroy is all given in detail in copies of two remembrances from newspapers after his death. "On the bloody field of Chickamauga, he returned to recover a wounded officer, and was taken prisoner. Accidently the rebels took him for a surgeon, and he was entered on their list in that character..." So Charles kept that designation in Libby Prison! Here is a more detailed list of this archive:

    1) Letter from Libby Prison dated October 12th, 1863 - His first letter after capture, writing his father:

    "I am very well indeed. Libby is better place than I thought was. I was taken on the 21st of Sept. I remained with the wounded until the 2 of Oct. Then I was sent here. I was taken when I was sent after the body of Maj. Ellis who was killed on the 20 of Sept. Please write soon. Write nothing about the war. Direct to Libby. Leave your letter open."

    2) Letter from sister, Sallie W. Pomeroy October 29th, 1863:

    "I send by Father's request 2 two & a half gold pieces. I sincerely hope you may get them and that you and those around you may be benefitted by the comfort gold will buy. Father will send you more if you get this. As the Confederates have given their word of honor that prisoners shall receive the money sent them, I believe you will get it."

    "Your capture was noticed in the Cin. paper by our friend Mr. P. & the brave acts which led to it highly spoken of."

    "God bless you & "show mercy upon all prisoners and captives" is the daily prayer of Your devoted sister"

    3) Letter from Libby Prison October 30th, 1863 to father - Charles lists quite an extensive list of the things that he would like either his father or Sallie to send him. A nice 1-page letter in ink.

    4) After Charles was released from Libby and back in the field, he writes his sister:

    "Camp in the field, June 8th, 64, Near Marietta, Ga."

    "We are in camp or rather in line of battle near the R.R. about 10 miles of Marietta, Ga. We have been here for two days & expect to move soon."

    Charles is writing on an orange colored, poor quality paper using pencil. He states, "This is out of a Reb Knapsack".

    "You say that Lt. Higby was the only of the men. Poor McKain was killed while leading my men & was closer to the Rebs than any of our men. Poor Higby was shot through the head after we had fallen back & while he was shooting a gun. Also McKain was shot through the head. His wife must be suffering for want. Please let someone know of it from his family."

    5) Sallie has copied a letter that Dr. Bonner, Brigade Surgeon had sent: "Before Atlanta Aug. 15th, 1864".

    "I am only once been able to leave my post since my return today... I had a few hours at my leisure so I started to see Lieut. Pomeroy... The first man that I met was the Surgeon and Chief of his Div.... He immediately became serious and began to tell me of his many good qualities and of how much he was beloved and then told me that he was killed!... On Saturday 13th inst., his command was ordered to advance the skirmish line. Lieut. Pomeroy in command of his Co., and with his Regiment, advanced like a good officer and brave soldier when a shell exploded near him and a fragment passed completely through his head, killing him instantly."

    [Diagram drawn of where Pomeroy was killed]

    "As soon as our troops got to the burnt house, they all commenced throwing up a traverse or work to protect the flank, but before this could be done, we lost many fine soldiers, among them Lt. P., by the heavy enfolding fire of the Battery on our left." "I will find out the exact spot where he is buried, and if anyone will come after the body, I will try to get the necessary papers from Genl. Sherman."

    6) Important 1-page in ink description by Sallie of the funeral of Charles & including a sketch of his carved head board made from a cartridge box lid!

    "On the morning of the 17th of this month a week ago last Sunday, Charley's remains arrived on the Potomac in charge of Mr. Jos. Earhart."

    "Earhart was in the detail of men who buried the dead, and while in the act of burying Charley was called away to carry off Col. Montgomery of the same Regiment, who was mortally wounded."

    "He also carved the head board out of the lid of a cartridge box and fastened it to the pine tree at his head."

    "He was thoughtful enough to bring it home with him. This is the shape and inscription on it.
    Lt. C. R. Pomeroy
    Co. A. 33rd O. V. I.
    Killed Aug. 13, 1864

    There were two screws and one nail that held it to the tree, the nail in the center of it.

    "He never was out of sight of the box containing the remains, and traveling in the cars, he slept three nights on top of it and on the boat, he had it carried up on the boiler deck and placed in the guards, outside of his state room."

    "At ten o'clock the poll bearers met at Mr. Morris' store and carried the coffin from the wharf boat to the chapel. Mother and Francie covered the coffin with a flag, which was the most elegant one I ever saw, made entirely of silk and one field was a beautiful oil painting of Washington, the other, the eagle and thirteen stars. It was captured during the war at Richmond where it had been used as a decoy flag. The man that wore it went into Richmond as a spy. It must be a very old flag, although it (lost) some of its freshness."

    "The coffin was also covered with wreaths and white flowers."

    "...he was buried by Mary."

    "It is very comforting to dear father that Charley is buried at home with the rest of the dear ones."

    7) A Confederate letter in ink written on brown "paper bag" style paper from John L. Grimes, Company C, 34th Alabama Infantry. On the top of the letter Charles has written "Picked up in the Battle field. May 14th, 1864. C. R. P." [This "souvenir" was found in Charles' personal effects]

    8) Copies of 2 very informative newspaper articles on the life and death of Charles.

    9) Large newspaper map that Sallie kept: "The Capture of Atlanta"

    A touching tribute to a fallen hero. From the Calvin Packard Civil War Battlefield Letter Collection.


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    December, 2020
    6th Sunday
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