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    Description

    1864 Ellis County Conscription Muster Roll. One leaf partially printed on both sides and completed in holograph, 23" x 15.5", [Waxahachie] Ellis County, June 17, 1864 through May 13, 1865, extensive taped repairs, edges ragged with small sections missing, small holes, old fold creases and wrinkling, and toning, otherwise legible and in good condition.

    Ellis County is located in north central Texas just south of Dallas. The early settlers came from the southern part of the United States and brought their farming practices and slave culture with them. Throughout the 1850s the slave population of the county grew rapidly. It is no wonder then that in the lead up to the Civil War the citizens of that county overwhelmingly supported secession. When William H. Parsons was instructed to raise a cavalry regiment, volunteers from Ellis County formed companies E, F, and H of the Twelfth Texas Cavalry, Parsons's Brigade. When the Nineteenth Regiment of Texas Cavalry was formed, Ellis County men formed companies A and C. Waxahachie was also home to a powder mill for making ammunition and a hat factory further south in the county. The present document contains the names of about 100 men from the county called for service in the Confederate army. Each man's name is listed along with his age (the youngest 17; the oldest 50), physical description, occupation, residence, place of birth (only three born in Texas), and other pertinent data. It is interesting to note that over 30% of the men were released from service as a result of unspecified physical disabilities and, factoring out the remaining exemptions from service - physician, cattle driver, preacher, blacksmith, city official, desertions, etc., only roughly 16% were "ordered to camp". This document provides a useful study in demographics for the Texas war effort in the latter stages of the Civil War.


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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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