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    Union Soldier's Diary kept by Charles H. Adams of Co. "K", Massachusetts 2nd Heavy Artillery. Co. "K" is stationed in Norfolk, and Adams often serves duty as a prison guard at Fort Monroe. The format of the diary is one page per day, and Adams makes daily entries until he receives a furlough in November. A sample of entries follows: "[Jan 7] ...Workd all day hard delivering muskets &c getting ready to leave... [Jan 18] ... I have been to work quite hard all day. 2 Union Prisoner Reporters of the NY Herald who have been confined in Libby Prison came here to make an exchange for 2 Confederate Prisoners. Had 2 men Bucked to put into the Dungon for insulting officers... Dined on Duck with the Confederate prisoners [Jan 15] ...2 o'clock PM detailed to go to Head Qrtrs as Provost Sargeant to take charge of the Prisoners 171 in No... [Jan 26] ...Received twenty Prisoners to day confederates all of them [Jan 27] ...Received 3 more Prisoners Union soldiers... The excitement for the last few days has been on account of the news that the new Iron clads at Richmond wer coming down to relise the confedrate prisoners [Feb 2] ...Received 23 Prisoners Confedrate all of them have in Prison 232 prisoners at the present time [Feb 4] ...Took the confedrate Prisoners out to give them a chance to take the oath... about 12 wished to take the oath and stay within our lines. Released my friend Dr. Slater about 8 o'clock in the evening He was a confedrate surgeon and a good fellow altho a big Reb [Feb 14] ...just got laid down to take a rest when I was called to take charge of 48 Rebel Prisoners most of them wish to take the oath [Feb 20] ...Fred Wentworth came back to report to the Co Jones a Union prisoner escaped from the guards went after him [Feb 27] ...Went in to the Prison an waked them up told them to get ready to leave... They leave on board of a steamer for Point Lookout [Mar 13] ...I was called to take charge of 127 Prisoners they were Blockade runners taken on board the Steamer Don Scotia & Mary Ann [Mar 17] ...Heavy artillery have been on guard to day for the first time at this post... Had to order a nigro in side the Fort for refusing to work [Mar 26] ...Serched the Negro blockade runners [Mar 28] ...Told the Prisoners they wer to go away had them pack up and with the assistance of Co K marched them out in front of Hd Qrtrs where they wer searched for valuables. Got about 2000 dollars in gold and silver... lots of Confed scrip. Marched them back to the fort [Mar 29] ...Got the Prisoners aboard the Stemer John Tucker about 10 1/2 o'clock... Proceeded to Camp Hamilton above Fortress Monroe where they were del over to the Commander of the Fort [Apr 4] ...Got orders to march to Fort O Roque By tomorrow [May 5] ...Moved from Fort O'Rourke to Portsmouth [Jun 20] ...395 wounded nigars arrived this evenf 5 died before getting them off the boat. No news from Grant. [Jul 18] ...The News today is that Atlanta, Ga. Is take with 15,000 prisoners [Jul 20] ...The President has called for 500,000 more men [Sep 26] ...This PM the 25th and 27th [Mass.] had a fight with the nigar guards. The nigar fired 7 shots in to them mortaly wounding one of the 25th..."

    Adams records that he feels sick on November 4, and on the 17th he is approved for furlough. When he returns, the entries are sparse for the rest of the year. He makes a note a the back of the diary that on "Monday Oct 24th 1864 [he is] Laying in bed in John Bells house sick with yellow jaundice." This is likely when he contracts the illness that he periodically records in the remaining entries until his furlough.

    The pages in the back are filled with his personal accounts, and he writes his name on the very last page intended for Memoranda.

    Condition: Bound in leather, with heavy wear. The top cover is near detached, and there are pieces of the spine lacking at top and bottom. Bottom of the page for October 15 and 16 has been torn off (about 1.5" is missing). Most of the closing flap is missing as well. Interior pages are clean, and most are written in pen.


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    Auction Dates
    October, 2016
    19th Wednesday
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