Description

    [Civil War]. Manuscript Orders (4) Concerning the 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps March from Raleigh, North Carolina, to Washington. D.C. for the Grand Review. A group of four orders providing a fascinating view into the planning and concern for appearance of the troops on the part of division commanders regarding the long march from North Carolina to the Grand Review at Washington, D.C. by the 2nd Division of the 20th Army Corps.

    Manuscript copy of "General Orders No. 10". Three pages (of a bifolium), 7.75" x 9.75", Headquarters, 20th Corps, Raleigh, North Carolina; April 28, 1865. Orders from Major General Joseph A. Mower, Commander of the 20th Corps, concerning the planned march of the corps via Richmond to Washington, D.C. to be mustered out of the service. In part: "... We have a long march before us, and through what has been hitherto the Enemy's country; but recent events having put an end to the War the march will be conducted the same as in any loyal State. There will be no foraging upon the country, private property will be respected, and soldiers will not be allowed to enter dwelling houses... The Inspectors of the different commands will immediately upon the publication of this order, make the necessary inspections, to see that this order is ...fully complied with. Any officer neglecting to do so, will be reported to these head quarters. After starting from here, the march will be continued from day to day until..."

    The order was probably drafted and signed by H. W. Perkins, Assistant Adjutant General. It is also signed by Captain William H. Lambert, 33rd New Jersey Volunteer Infantry and Acting Assistant Inspector General, 2nd Division, 20th Corps, and Captain James L. Hardy, Acting Assistant Adjutant General.

    Manuscript copy of "Circular Orders" (unnumbered). One page, 7.75" x 9.75", Headquarters 2nd Division, 20th Corps, North Carolina; May 1, 1865. Orders issued by Brevet Major General John W. Geary concerning daily details of soldiers for safeguard duty during the march to Washington, D.C. In part: "Hereafter daily before marching the Comd. Officer of the leading Brigade, will detail twenty (20) of his best soldiers under a Comdg. Officer for safeguard duty. They will march immediately in advance of the Brigade, and one man will be left as safeguard at each house near the road, to be relieved by the succeeding Division and rejoin his command as early as practicable..." The orders are written and signed on behalf of Geary by Brigadier General P. H. Jones, Commander of the 2nd Brigade and also signed by W.T. Forbes, Assistant Adjutant General.

    Manuscript copy of "Circular Order No. 35". Two pages, 7.75" x 9.75", Headquarters, 2nd Division, 20th Corps, Winfree's Farm, Virginia; May 9, 1865. Issued by Brevet Major General John W. Geary concerning the appearance of soldiers as they pass through Richmond in review on May 10, 1865: "The troops will be expected to appear in the best possible condition as they pass through Richmond in Review tomorrow. Caps and badges must be worn throughout, and the persons, clothing, arms and accoutrements of the men be clean and neat..." The circular order was written and signed by W. T. Forbes, Assistant Adjutant General for General Geary. The document was also countersigned by Brigadier General Patrick H. Jones, Commander of the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Corps.

    Manuscripts copy of "Circular Orders No. 39". One page, 7.75" x 9.75", Headquarters 2nd Division, 20th Corps, near Alexandria, Virginia; May 20, 1865. Issued by Brigadier Major General Geary concerning the upcoming Grand Review in Washington, D.C. In part: "It is officially announced that the Armies now around Alexandria will be reviewed in Washington on Tuesday and Wednesday next. This will be the greatest and probably the final pageant of this war, and will attract many thousands of our Northern friends to witness it. The General Comdg. Division wishes to impress upon every officer and soldier in this Command the importance of making the finest display possible. This Division has been justly noted in this Army for its excellence on Review. Here we come in comparison again with our old comrades of the Army of the Potomac, and here too we can bear off the palm by timely attention and preparation. Let no pains be spared in making the most complete preparations for this review." The orders were written and signed for Geary by Brigadier General Patrick Jones, Commander, 2nd Brigade, and also signed by W. T. Forbes, Assistant Adjutant General.

    Condition: All of the orders have the usual folds. The May 1, 1865 order has a small amount of paper loss at the left hand bottom of the document with no loss of text. Overall, the manuscripts are in fine condition. All have light soiling on verso, especially along folds.


    More Information:

    Aditional transcription: 

    Headquarters, 20th Corps

    Raleigh, North Carolina; April 28, 1865

    General Orders No. 10

    It has been announced by the Major General Commanding this Army, that hostilities have entirely ceased, and that this Army is to march at once via Richmond to Washington to be mustered out of service and return to their houses.

                We have a long march before us, and through what has been hitherto the Enemy's country; but recent events having put an end to the War the march will be conducted the same as in any loyal State. There will be no foraging upon the country, private property will be respected, and soldiers will not be allowed to enter dwelling houses.

                Every effort will be made on the part of all officers to prevent straggling and pillaging. Division Commanders will institute in their commands a system of Roll Call upon the march and all men improperly absent will be summarily punished..

                The Inspectors of the different commands will immediately upon the publication of this order, make the necessary inspections, to see that this order is .fully complied with. Any officer neglecting to do so, will be reported to these head quarters. After starting from here, the march will be continued from day to day until our destination is reached, or until orders are given from these or superior head quarters, to halt.

                The Divisions will habitually march and decamp from three to five miles apart; and a sufficient interval maybe made while on the march between the Brigades and Regiments to render the march as easy as possible, but both the troops and trains of each Division will be closed up and encamped together each night.

                The trains of each Division will march with it, and each Division Commander will make his own disposition of his troops to cover and assist his trains..

                The Artillery will march with the leading Division preceeding [sic] all the trains. The Commdg. Officer of the leading Division will establish all necessary guards over buildings and property along the route of march. These guards will be relieved by the succeeding Division as they pass



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