Description

    [British Invasion of North America]. Jeduthan Baldwin Autograph Letter Signed. One page with integral address leaf, 7.75" x 12.25"; Ticonderoga, May 18, 1777, as lieutenant colonel Continental Army. A letter to his daughter concerning their perilous situation at Fort Ticonderoga at the expected British advance and of tracking down a wayward deserter who fled to Canada. In large part:

    "Alex. Oliver is well. He is quarter master to the Artificers, has 30 dollars a month. He got up well with the old man that you enquired after. Mrs. Hay is gone to Albany to stay there this summer...I have a fine cow & Col. Hay has another. They supply us with a plenty to milk & perft. butter. This morning Capt. Stone returned from a scout down the lake. He brought in with him 2 prisoners, one say that he was at Montreal about the middle of April & at St. John the 20th-that the Regulars had not left there [their] winter Quarters. There was only one Regt. at St. John. They are building one 20 gun ship which would be finished by the sixth of June...the Genl. House & a large store was burnt the last of March at St. John [and] that the general talk amongst the Regulars was that they should come & take Ticonderoga sometime this summer & that they were in expectation of clothing & cash for the troops this spring-that the Hessians were disaffected & troublesome & that Jonas Jones bros. to Elipha Jones come from Canada with him... [has] gone to his brothers a Hoosic or Pittsfield. I hope he will be stopped from returning to Canada. We have sent after him. He does not know of our taking those mes. [measures] [The letter continues along the left margin] Your Papa sends his kindest Love & affection to your Mama. Designs to ask the favor of absence from camp after Genl. Gates gets here (if there is no prospect of an attack being made on this place) to make you a visit. This week Lieut. Col. Kosiosko [Tadeusz Kosciusko] came to this post an assistant Engineer. He is from Poland & is a beautiful limner - the post not come yet. I am your affectionate father, J. Baldwin."

    Condition: Uneven toning, and some staining. Paper loss occurring on the integral address leaf, where the seal has been opened, also affecting a few words of the letter (at center). A few other bits of paper loss at folds of address cover. Lengthy note in pencil above address panel, which has faded.


    More Information:

    Jeduthan Baldwin (1732-1788) was born in Woburn, Massachusetts and later settled in Brookfield. During the French-Indian War, in 1755, he led a company of men on the expeditions to Crown Point and Fort Ticonderoga. A true patriot, he served on a committee denouncing the King's taxation on tea in 1773; and in 1774 was a delegate of the provisional congress meeting at Concord and Cambridge. In June 1775, he helped throw up defenses on Bunker Hill and served in the battle; possibly witnessing the mortal wounding of his brother. He became a lieutenant colonel in the Massachusetts militia and was ordered to Canada in April 1776 as assistant engineer, thereafter, he was appointed colonel of engineers in the Continental Army. In this role he surveyed the lower Lake Champlain region near Fort Ticonderoga in hopes of building new fortifications.

     

    In 1777, he was given command of the newly created corps of artificers under General St. Clair's command. He was present at the battle of Saratoga and witnessed the surrender of Gen. Burgoyne's army. While in the army he associated with many of the army's notables including Israel Putnam, George Washington, Kosciuszko and Horatio Gates. He kept a journal of his military service in the French-Indian War and during the American Revolution. That journal was published in 1906 in the book entitled, The Revolutionary Journal of Col. Jeduthan Baldwin, 1775-1778, by Charles Glass & Co., Bangor, Maine. In the beginning of the twentieth century, his relatives petitioned the government to name a fort after their famous ancestor. As a result, Fort Baldwin in coastal Maine was named in his honor. Lots XXXXX through XXXXX in this auction are letters home with first-hand accounts of the War.



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    Auction Dates
    April, 2016
    5th Tuesday
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