[Battle of Stone's River]. Union Soldier's Letter by T. C. Potter, Battery B, 1st Ohio Light Artillery. Four pages on a bifolium, 4.75" x 7.75". Murfreesboro, Tennessee; January 6, [1862]. A letter to his sister and brother, written on patriotic letterhead; Potter provides a graphic description of the Battle of Stone's River and its aftermath. "In our heavy engagement on the 31st of Dec. we sustained a heavy loss. Our battery was reported captured to you. Rosecrance [Rosecrans] by then general or major general, Critendon [Crittenden], brig. generals Palmer and Craft they saw the brigades on our right and left fall back thereby leaving our flank uncovered and four rebel brigades charging up on three sides and two rebel batteries raking us (one of them was the famous Washington battery of N. Orleans) with shell and canisters=they saw the rebel masses charge up within 20 yards of our pieces when our support broke in confusion. They gave us up as lost, but we worked our guns out under the most terrific fire of shot, shell, canister and musketry that has been witnessed for many a day... Sister I know that you are fond of long letters and full details but pardon me for passing in silence over the horrors of this series of battles-the fighting part is not the worst of it, then a man has something to excite him but the horrid ghastly fight, that shows itself for miles each way has made my heart sick, death in all forms: black with putrefaction is to be seen in all forms (but excuse me for leaving the topic)." Thomas Corwin Potter (1841-1863) served in Captain William E. Standart's Battery B, 1st Ohio Light Artillery. He was killed at Chickamauga when his cannon fired prematurely, blowing off both of his arms.

    Condition: The letter is written in pencil, usual mail folds and includes the original transmittal cover.

    More Information:

    The Battle of Stone's River or the Second Battle of Murfreesboro was fought from December 31, 1862 to January 2, 1863. One of the major engagements of the Civil War, the Battle of Stone's River resulted in high casualties on both sides. While the result of the conflict was inconclusive, the fact that Union forces fought off two Confederate attacks which led to their retreat provided a much needed boost to Northern morale after the devastating defeat at the hands of Confederate forces at Fredericksburg.

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    5th Tuesday
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