Important Work on ChemistryValentinus Basilius [Johann Thölde, attributed]. Basilius Innovatus: das ist: Fr. Basilii Valentini, Ordin. Benedict. Chymische Schrifften, Anjetzo zum vierdten mahl zusammen gedruct... Hamburg: [Gottfried Richter for] Samuel Heyl, 1717. Second Petraeus edition. Octavo. ):(7, b-g8, A-4O8, 4P4. 158, 1133,  pages (first two index leaves misbound). Lacks frontispiece portrait [in facsimile], title page in red and black. Twenty full-page engraved plates and eight text cuts. Contemporary vellum, discolored, title in old hand, minor foxing and toning, still a very nice copy. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.
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A considerable amount of time has been spent trying to identify Basil Valentine. Whether or not he is actually a 14th century Benedictione, Johann Thölde, Joachim Tancke, or even Paracelsus, "His practical knowledge was great... he may be regarded as the founder of analytical chemistry." [Ferguson]
Thölde of Hesse, "flourished between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was a chemist, Rathskammerer at Franckenhausen in Thuringia, and part owner of the saltworks there. He edited (actually he probably wrote) the works of Basil Valentine from 1599 to 1624, the treatise on antimony of von Suchem, and Paracelsus' Kleine Hand- und Denck-Bibel, 1605..Liborius ab Indagine narrates...(that) the Rosicrucians, after 20 years of existence, and having attained their 'majority', wanting to have a monopoly of these writings (Basil Valentine's) and to prevent further editions, got Thölde to join the order and become secretary, which office he discharged for a lengthened period." [Ferguson]
As to Thölde's being the "real" Basil Valentine, we recommend Partington's extended discussion in volume 2 of his monumental "History of Chemistry," volume two chapter 5.
Bruning 3667.Partington II,194. Schmieder 209,7. Spielmann II,435. Wellcome II, 111. Duveen 50. Neville I,87.
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