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    Treaty Between Great Britain and Texas for the Suppression of the Slave Trade Six pages, two-sided, folio. London: Printed by T. R. Harrison, [1842]. Treaty Between Her Majesty And The Republick Of Texas, For The Suppression Of The African Slave Trade. First edition. A pristine first edition with immaculate edges and corners. Contemporary half-leather case with marbled boards and gilt lettering at spine.

    In the fall of 1838, Sam Houston sent James Pinckney Henderson abroad to seek recognition of Texas by England and France. Because France was at war with Mexico at the time, it was amenable to signing a treaty recognizing Texas independence (September 25, 1839). England was unwilling to stand idly by while France gained influence and trade privileges in Texas, so it, too, agreed to support a treaty recognizing Texas independence. It is no small coincidence that England was currently facing hostilities over her claims in Oregon and the controversial Pacific Northwest boundary - she needed a supply of cotton if war came - so Britain was happy to offer her support to the fledgling Republic.

    In the fall of 1840, Lord Aberdeen announced that Her Majesty's government would recognize Texas independence, and on November 13-16, three treaties were signed that dealt with independence, commerce and navigation, and suppression of the African slave trade. A month earlier, on September 18, Texas had concluded a treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation with the Netherlands. The three treaties with England were not ratified until December 1841, soon after Houston's election for a second term to the Texas presidency. Houston named Ashbel Smith minister to Great Britain and France and sent James Reily to represent Texas in Washington, D.C., instructing both men to get the three nations to exert pressure on Mexico for peace and recognition. Housed in a contemporary half-leather case with marbled boards and gilt lettering at spine. Pristine first edition with immaculate edges and corners. Extremely desirable! From the collection of Darrel Brown.

    Reference: Streeter 1416.

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    December, 2007
    1st-3rd Saturday-Monday
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