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    Survey Report with
    Illustrations by the Official Artist

    [Henry W[ood] Elliott, illustrator]. F[erdinand] V[andeveer] Hayden. Profiles, Sections and Other Illustrations, Designed to Accompany the Final Report of the Chief Geologist of the Survey and Sketched under His Directions...Under Authority of the Secretary of the Interior. New York: Julius Bien, 1872. First edition, containing Henry Wood Elliott's art work for the Hayden Survey, most of which was published nowhere else. Limited to 100 copies. Large quarto (approximately 11.75 x 9.25 inches; 297 x 235 mm.). [2, title (verso blank)], [2, "Prefatory Note"] pages. Sixty-five photolithographic plates with multiple profiles per sheet (274 profiles, sections, and vignettes total), including twenty-three double-page, eleven folding (three on thin paper and eight on thick paper), and thirty-one single-page plates. Many signed in image "H. W. E." and dated. Double-page and folding plates mounted on guards. At head of title: "Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey of the Territories, F. V. Hayden, U. S. Geologist in Charge."

    Publisher's green pebble-grain cloth. Covers with triple blind fillet border; front cover lettered in gilt; bright yellow coated endpapers. Binding rubbed, with a few scuff marks and small areas of surface loss; a few areas of cloth blistered; boards exposed at corners and board edges; corners bumped. Cloth on spine blistered, with a short split; foot of spine faded with a few tiny splits and tears; loss of about one-eighth-inch at head of spine; front joint starting. Front hinge expertly renewed; slight vertical blistering to front pastedown, affecting front free endpaper and flyleaf, title, and preface leaf; a bit of biopredation at top edge of front endpapers and flyleaf; front free endpaper creased at lower corner, with tiny tear at lower edge; endpapers browned slightly at edges. Mostly marginal dampstaining throughout, sometimes just into text area, but rarely into an image. Plates XXIX, XXX, and XXXI on thin paper, which is browned slightly, with some edge chipping. Short (three-quarter-inch) tear to lower gutter of last four plates (LXII, LXIII, LXIV, and LXV), neatly repaired with tape. Rear hinge cracking between last plate and rear flyleaf. Book label removed from front pastedown; ink accession number ("3639") at foot of "Prefatory Note" leaf. Overall, a very good copy of this extremely scarce work. Only one copy has sold at auction in the last forty years.

    Checklist of United States Public Documents, 1789-1909 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1911), General Publications P94, page 469: ("Originally intended to illustrate v. 4 of quarto series of reports, but never thus used. Limited edition of 100 copies issued"). Schmeckebier, Catalogue and Index of the Publications of the Hayden, King, Powell, and Wheeler Surveys, page 32, Unclassified Publications 3.

    More Information:

    "A small edition of one hundred copies of the Profiles and Sections are issued in advance of the text, for the purpose of placing them in the hands of the principal geologists in this country and in Europe. The first edition of two thousand copies, in colors, will be published with descriptions in about one year...In the arrangement of the Sections I have followed the order of exploration, grouping those of 1869 together, succeeded by those of 1870 and 1871, in regular order...The spirited and accurate sketches of Mr. Elliott have been very satisfactorily reproduced by the Photolithographic process of Mr. Julius Bien, of New York" (F. V. Hayden's Prefatory Note (pages [3-4])).

    "This volume was originally intended to illustrate one of the vols. (Vol. IV) of the quarto series of 'Reports of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories'; but it was never thus used, and Vol. IV of the 4to Reports is to be a different work. Only 100 copies were published, and the work is now out of print" (James Anglim & Co., Special Catalogue, Part I [1887?], Publications of the Interior Department, page 32, "Third Unclassified Publication").

    "This volume of illustrations contains sixty-five plates and over three hundred engravings, all reproductions of the excellent drawings of Mr. Elliott. Although mostly sketchy outlines, with but few touches, they bring out like portraitures the landscape scenery of the regions, showing even the geological features of the surface and stratification of the rocks. Moreover the kinds of rocks in the different parts of each scene have been mentioned by Dr. Hayden in the explanations of the plates. The views have therefore a high scientific interest, both geological and geographical" (The American Journal of Science and Arts, Third Series, Volume IV, Nos. 19-24 (July to December, 1872), page 238).

    "Hayden appointed as the survey's official artist Henry Wood Elliott. A young, self-taught artist, Elliott had worked on Hayden surveys since 1869 and had improved his skills in drawing panoramic landscapes along survey routes. Elliott's panoramas are both topographically accurate and historically interesting, for they include important non-geological details such as the party's campsite locations as well as small settlements and stage stops along the way. Once in Yellowstone Elliott also drew a number of informal scenes that often featured members of the party at work. William Henry Jackson, Thomas Moran, and Henry Wood Elliott produced images that finally revealed to the world what Yellowstone looked like. Albert Peale, on the other hand, described in words his reactions to this land that was so full of daily wonders and uncertainties" (Marlene Deahl Merrill, editor, Seeing Yellowstone in 1871: Earliest Descriptions & Images from the Field ([2005]), page 8).

    "Guest artist Thomas Moran's watercolor sketches and his later finished paintings of Yellowstone so captured the public's attention in the years immediately following the survey that the work of the survey's official artist, Henry Wood Elliott, was largely ignored. Unlike Moran, Elliott was self-taught, and his early natural talent for realistic drawing led to his appointment at the Smithsonian Institution at age sixteen. There he illustrated fossil specimens and studied natural history. His skills were enhanced when he learned to draw carefully detailed landscape panoramas, a field assignment he began on Hayden's 1869 survey of the Colorado and New Mexico Territories. By 1871 Elliott had noticeably sharpened his artistic and topographical talents, and he created field panoramas that, if laid end to end, would measure some twenty-seven feet and would illustrate the party's route from Ogden, Utah, to Bozeman, Montana. Each panorama usually included such details as the identification of campsites, small ranches along the route, stage stops, and developing settlements. Elliott also identified canyons, geological formations, lakes, streams, and rivers...Once the party reached Yellowstone Elliott made smaller, more informal sketches of special features, such as geysers, waterfalls, and mudpots. These sketches, along with a few landscape sections, were used as illustrations for Hayden's Fifth Report...Hayden recognized the value of Elliott's work both during and after the expedition. In addition to using some of Elliott's drawings to illustrate his official report, in 1872 he arranged for a limited edition of one hundred copies of selected panoramas and drawings by Elliott (done during the 1869, 1870, and 1871 surveys) to be reproduced by photolithography and published under the title Profiles, Sections, and Other Illustrations. The subtitle of this now-rare volume suggests the importance of Elliott's work to Hayden, for it reads, 'Designed to Accompany the Final Report of the Chief Geologist of the Survey and Sketched under His Direction.' It was not to be, however. Elliott left the survey soon after returning from Yellowstone and the panoramas of his replacement, artist-topographer William Henry Holmes, appeared in Hayden's twelfth and final report published in 1883...I have included portions of an 1871 Elliott panorama (from his Profiles, Sketches [sic], and Other Illustrations) as an illustrative heading for each of the ten chapters. Perhaps they will allow readers to 'see' some of the panoramas that the party saw as it made its way across an ever-changing West-panoramas that were too vast to be captured by any nineteenth-century camera lens" (Marlene Deahl Merrill, editor, Yellowstone and the Great West: Journals, Letters, and Images from the 1871 Hayden Expedition (1999), pages xix-xx).

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    September, 2016
    15th Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 3
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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