Description

    An Important Incunable Work by Saint John Chrysostom

    Saint Johannes Chrysostomus. De reparatione lapsi. [Crisostomus de Reparat[i]one lapsi ad Amanticu[m] lapsum.] [Cologne: Ulrich Zell, 1467-1472.] Small quarto. [a-e8.] Forty leaves. First four-line initial "Q" blue ink surrounded by red penwork decoration in the margin, other initials in red and blue Lombard letters. Bound to style in modern full limp vellum. Ink title on front cover, edges speckled red. A Fine copy. Housed in morocco backed folding box. Though it is now separated, this is the Sexton- Berland-Kraus copy.
    "De reparatione Lapsi" is a Latin translation of the longer of Chrysostom's Paraeneses ad Theodorum Iapsum. This treatise dates from the four-year period when Chysostom was an anchorite, probably sometime between 373 and 381. It is an exhortation in defense of ascetic life to his friend Theodore, who had left monastic life and hoped to marry. Theodore later returned, was ordained, and became bishop of Mopsuestia.
    "Saint John Chrysostom (c.347- c.407, archbishop of Constantinople), was an important early father of the church. He is known for his eloquence in preaching and public speaking, his denunciation of abuse of authority by both ecclesiastical and political leaders... Known as 'the greatest preacher in the early church,' John's sermons have been one of his greatest lasting legacies. Chrysostom's extant homiletical works are vast, including many hundreds of exegetical sermons on both the New Testament (especially the works of Saint Paul) and the Old Testament (particularly on Genesis). Among his extant exegetical works are sixty-seven homilies on Genesis, fifty-nine on the Psalms, ninety on the Gospel of Matthew, eighty-eight on the Gospel of John, and fifty-five on the Acts of the Apostles... The sermons were written down by the audience and subsequently circulated, revealing a style that tended to be direct and greatly personal, but was also formed by the rhetorical conventions of his time and place. In general, his homiletical theology displays much characteristic of the Antiochian school (i.e., somewhat more literal in interpreting Biblical events), but he also uses a good deal of the allegorical interpretation more associated with the Alexandrian school." (Wikipedia).
    "Ulrich Zell, publisher, the first printer of Cologne, born at Hanau-on-the-Main (d. ca. 1507). He learned the art of printing before 1462 in the printing establishment of Fust and Schöffer, and seems, shortly after the catastrophe of 1462, to have gone to Cologne, whose university gave promise of a market for printed works. Zell was printing at Cologne apparently as early as 1463, although his first dated book is of the year 1466. His work as printer and publisher can be traced up to the year 1502; altogether about 120 of his publications are known. Of these, however, only nine bear his name, but in all probability he printed and published many more. In outline and cut his six kinds of type are strikingly similar to the 'Durandus' and 'Clements' types of Fust and Schöffer; it would even seem that a number of the matrices of the "Clements" type had been used. Most of the books printed by Zell were text-books in quarto form for the university. Among the fine productions of his printing shop is an undated edition of the Latin Bible in two volumes. At first he called himself 'clericus' (of the lower orders), but as early as 1471 he married and became a citizen and householder of Cologne. In 1473 he bought the important manorial estate of 'Lyskirchen,' to which he transferred the main part of his business. In the colophons of his books the place of business is called 'apud Lyskirchen.' The purchase, sometime later, of various houses, lands, and properties yielding revenues, show that Zell had become a prosperous man. It is also a proof of his importance that for a long time he filled the office of 'Kirchenmeister' (church-master) of 'S. Maria an Lyskirchen.' Of much importance in the history of the discovery of printing is Zell's statement, preserved in the Chronicle of Cologne of 1499, that the year 1450 was the date of the beginning of printing, that the country-squire Johann Gutenberg was the inventor of it, and that the first book printed was the Latin Bible, the Vulgate." (Catholic Encyclopedia).
    Goff J294. HC 5051. Voull(K) 651. Pell Ms 6614 (6579). CIBN J-189. IDL 2624. IGI 5206. Voull(B) 696. Voull(Trier) 351. Borm 1525. Sallander 1797. Oates 298. Bod-inc J-137. Sheppard 617. Pr 814. BMC I 182. BSB-Ink I-343. ISTC ij00294000. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.
    Please visit HA.com/6117 for an extended description of this lot.


    More Information:

    Chrysostomus, Johannes, Saint. De reparatione lapsi. [Crisostomus de Reparat(i)one lapsi ad Amanticu(m) lapsum.] [Cologne:] [Ulrich Zell,] [1467-1472.] 4to. [a-e8.] 40 leaves. Modern limp vellum, using old vellum, with title in ms on cover; edges speckled red. Fine copy. Housed in morooco backed folding box. Though it is now separated, this is the Sexton- Berland-Kraus copy. First 4 line initial "Q" blue ink surrounded by red penwork decoration in the margin, other initials in red and blue Lombard letters.

    "De reparatione Lapsi" is a Latin translation of the longer of Chrysostom's Paraeneses ad Theodorum Iapsum. This treatise dates from the four-year period when Chysostom was an anchorite, probably some time between 373 and 381. It is an exhortion in defense of ascetic life to his friend Theodore, who had left monastic life and hoped to marry. Theodore later returned, was ordained, and became bishop of Mopsuestia.

    "Saint John Chrysostom (c.347- c.407, archbishop of Constantinople, was an important early father of the church. He is known for his eloquence in preaching and public speaking, his denunciation of abuse of authority by both ecclesiastical and political leaders, the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, and his ascetic sensibilities...Known as "the greatest preacher in the early church," John's sermons have been one of his greatest lasting legacies. Chrysostom's extant homiletical works are vast, including many hundreds of exegetical sermons on both the New Testament (especially the works of Saint Paul) and the Old Testament (particularly on Genesis). Among his extant exegetical works are sixty-seven homilies on Genesis, fifty-nine on the Psalms, ninety on the Gospel of Matthew, eighty-eight on the Gospel of John, and fifty-five on the Acts of the Apostles.

    The sermons were written down by the audience and subsequently circulated, revealing a style that tended to be direct and greatly personal, but was also formed by the rhetorical conventions of his time and place. In general, his homiletical theology displays much characteristic of the Antiochian school (i.e., somewhat more literal in interpreting Biblical events), but he also uses a good deal of the allegorical interpretation more associated with the Alexandrian school." [Wkpd]

    "Ulrich Zell, Publisher, the first printer of Cologne, born at Hanau-on-the-Main, date unknown; died about 1507. He learned the art of printing before 1462 in the printing establishment of Fust and Schoffer, and seems, shortly after the catastrophe of 1462, to have gone to Cologne, whose university gave promise of a market for printed works. Zell was printing at Cologne apparently as early as 1463, although his first dated book is of the year 1466. His work as printer and publisher can be traced up to the year 1502; altogether about 120 of his publications are known. Of these, however, only nine bear his name, but in all probability he printed and published many more. In outline and cut his six kinds of type are strikingly similar to the "Durandus" and "Clements" types of Fust and Schoffer; it would even seem that a number of the matrices of the "Clements" type had been used. Most of the books printed by Zell were text-books in quarto form for the university. Among the fine productions of his printing shop is an undated edition of the Latin Bible in two volumes. At first he called himself clericus (of the lower orders), but as early as 1471 he married and became a citizen and householder of Cologne. In 1473 he bought the important manorial estate of "Lyskirchen", to which he transferred the main part of his business. In the colophons of his books the place of business is called "apud Lyskirchen". The purchase, sometime later, of various houses, lands, and properties yielding revenues, show that Zell had become a prosperous man. It is also a proof of his importance that for a long time he filled the office of Kirchenmeister (church-master) of "S. Maria an Lyskirchen". Of much importance in the history of the discovery of printing is Zell's statement, preserved in the Chronicle of Cologne of 1499, that the year 1450 was the date of the beginning of printing, that the country-squire Johann Gutenberg was the inventor of it, and that the first book printed was the Latin Bible, the Vulgate. [CE]

    Goff J294 ; HC 5051 ; Voull(K) 651 ; Sotheby's (NY) 4/5 Dec. 2003, lot 358 (Sexton copy, with pl.) ; Pell Ms 6614 (6579) ; CIBN J-189 ; IDL 2624 ; IGI 5206 ; Voull(B) 696 ; Voull(Trier) 351 ; Borm 1525 ; Sallander 1797 ; Oates 298 ; Bod-inc J-137 ; Sheppard 617 ; Pr 814 ; BMC I 182 ; BSB-Ink I-343. ISTC ij00294000.



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