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    Very Scarce Edition of Aquinas' Commentary
    on the Sententiae of Peter Lombard

    Thomas Aquinas. [Peter Lombard]. Super Quarto Libro Sententiarum [Books One-Three of Four]. Sciptum sancti Thome de Aquino super primum magistri sententiarum... supre secundum sententiaru... scriptum tertium Sancti Thome de Aquino in tertium librum sententiarum. Venetia: Simone de Luere for Andrea Torresano, January, October, and November 1503. Rare Venetian edition. First three books bound together, lacking book four on the doctrine of signs (62 pages). Folio. a2-p10, q6, 2a-2p10, 2q11, 3a-3n10, 3p-2q12. 154, 161, and 164 pages. Small decorated initials. Modern leather binding, scuffed with few scrapes, chips, and some rubbing. Lacks title page (a1) of first book, but title is cut out and pasted to verso of third blank with place and date of publication handwritten in pen, facing a2. Binders tape to inner hinges of front and back boards. 2p10 with clean tear, repaired, not affecting text. Few light dampstains, some small moulding spots at end of book (lower outer margins), few minor worm holes at end (outer margins). Few old ink notes throughout in outer margins, some underlining. Last leaf excised and mounted, pencil notes on verso. First blank leaf with owner's stamp "Joh. Linder, Rechtsanwalt". EDIT 16: CNCE 31776. Adams A: 1449. BM STC Italian III: 266. Early Printed Books in City Reference Library Bristol (1889) page 11. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.
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    Thomas Aquinas. [Peter Lombard]. Super Quarto Libro Sententiarum [Books One-Three of Four]. Sciptum sancti Thome de Aquino super primum magistri sententiarum... supre secundum sententiaru... scriptum tertium Sancti Thome de Aquino in tertium librum sententiarum. Venetia: Simone de Luere for Andrea Torresano, January, October, and November 1503.  

    Rare Venetian edition. First three books bound together, lacking book four on the doctrine of signs (62 pages). Folio. a2-p10, q6, 2a-2p10, 2q11, 3a-3n10, 3p-2q12. 154, 161, and 164 pages. Small decorated initials. Modern leather binding, scuffed with few scrapes, chips, and some rubbing. Lacks title page (a1) of first book, but title is cut out and pasted to verso of third blank with place and date of publication handwritten in pen, facing a2. Binders tape to inner hinges of front and back boards. 2p10 with clean tear, repaired, not affecting text. Few light dampstains, some small moulding spots at end of book (lower outer margins), few minor worm holes at end (outer margins). Few old ink notes throughout in outer margins, some underlining. Last leaf excised and mounted, pencil notes on verso.  First blank leaf with owner's stamp "Joh. Linder, Rechtsanwalt".        

    St. Thomas Aquinas. Philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church (Angelicus Doctor), patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools. Born at Rocca Secca in the Kingdom of Naples, 1225 or 1227; died at Fossa Nuova, 7 March, 1274.

    "Peter Lombard, a scholastic theologian of the twelfth century, was commonly known as 'the Lombard' after his birthplace, which actually was probably Novara. It is expected that he then moved to Lombardy approximately after his birth in 1105-1110 CE. He died in Paris, France about 1160 (1164). Although his family was poor, he found powerful patrons such as St. Bernard, that enabled him to gain a higher education at Bologna, then at Reims in France, and finally in Paris. In Paris, Peter taught theology in the cathedral school of Notre Dame, and it was there he found the time to produce the works discussed later in this article. Their dates can be only approximately fixed. The most famous of them, the Libri quatuor sententiarum , was probably composed between 1147 and 1150, although it may be placed as late as 1155....

    The historic importance of Peter Lombard rests on his Sentences and the position taken by them in medieval philosophy. The earlier dogmatic theologians, such as Isidore of Seville, Alcuin, and Paschasius Radbert, had attempted to establish the doctrine of the Church from Bible texts and quotations from the Fathers. In the eleventh century this method gave place to dialectical and speculative working over of the traditional dogmas. Peter Lombard came into the field at a time when the now methods and their dialectical artifices were still exposed to wide-spread objection, but when the thirst for knowledge was exceedingly keen. One text-book after another was being published, the majority of them either issuing from the school of Abelard, or in some degree inspired by him. Of these works the greatest influence was attained by that of Peter, which was, for the time, an admirable compendium of theological knowledge." - Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

     "... Thomas (Aquinas) came to grips with a great new task: commenting on Peter Lombard's Sentences... (in) his journey to becoming a master in theology followed his stint as a biblical bachelor in Cologne. According to an often-invoked parallel, the commentary on the Sentences was like the chef d'oeuvre that the apprentice was required to present in order to become a master artisan... Already a century old - since its definitive edition was published between 1155 and 1158... The Sentences would remain in use - they were quickly made obligatory - in the schools for three centuries... all the scholastic writers were obliged to pour their instruction into this mold, even if in reality the process became more and more of a fiction. A detail that affected Thomas reveals the considerable importance attached very early to the Sentences. The Dominican constitutions, in a text dating from 1234, prescribe that the friars destined for study ought to receive from their province the three basic books: the Bible, the Sentences, and the Historia scolastica by Peter Mangiador... Thomas was not the first or only commentator to go beyond Lombard. But he was without question one of those who did so most resolutely." - Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Person and His Work, Jean-Pierre Torrell.           

    EDIT 16: CNCE 31776. Adams A: 1449. BM STC Italian III: 266. Early Printed Books in City Reference Library Bristol (1889) page 11.



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