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    Aldine Edition of Scholia on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

    [Aristotle] Eustratius, et al. (Greek title) Commentaria In Libros Decem Aristotelis De Moribus Ad Nicomachum...Venice: Aldus [Aldus Manuzio & Andrea d'Asola], July 1536. First edition thus. Folio. (2), 189 pages. Aldine printer device on title page. 19th-century calf over marbled boards, spine with gilt title, date and Aldine device. Front hinge slightly cracked, third raised band on spine missing, no affect, title page slightly cropped at top (old ink note), no affect to text. Early Greek marginalia on about dozen leaves, toward beginning, in outer margins. Last few leaves with light dampstains to upper inner margin. Lacks last leaf with Aldine printer's device. Small bookplate stamp to front free endpaper "Kenneth Rapoport". Overall, a very nice copy with wide margins. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.
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    Only Aldine edition of a collection of scholia on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics by Byzantine commentator Eustratius of Nicea (c. 1050-1120), a member of the circle around Anna Comnena, and others. Although the work had a medieval transmission via the Latin translation of Robert Grosseteste, this is its first appearance in the original Greek, suggesting the daunting progress made in the Aldine publishing program of original Greek materials. Another edition with Latin translation appeared the same year at Basel, but it was evidently made from a different manuscript, and Hoffmann considers the present edition first.

    "...This commentary contains a critique of Aristotle's critique, clearly inspired by Neoplatonism.... According to Eustratius, Aristotle misunderstood Plato's Idea of the Good fundamentally. An interesting aspect of his exposition that is relevant for the history of the doctrine of the transcendentals is Eustratius's introduction of a kind of commonness of the Good is based on its causality; the Platonic Good is a transcendent reality, which is nevertheless common by its effect.... Plato understands the Good, which is identical with the One, as the common cause of all things and as that which surpasses all beings.... Eustratius criticizes Aristotle for not having taken the Idea of Good secundum intellectum Platonis. Eustratius adds an argument ad hominem Aristotle himself, at the beginning of his "Ethics", praises those who had defined the good as "that which all things desire". The object of this desire must, according to the commentator, necessarily be everything; it is the First of all things, which is most causing and most universal." - Medieval Philosophy as Transcendental Thought, Jan A. Aertsen.

    "Eustratius of Nicaea (c. 1050/1060-c. 1120) was Metropolitan bishop of Nicaea in the early 12th century. He wrote commentaries to Aristotle's second book of Analytica and the Ethica Nicomachea. Eustratius was a pupil of John Italus, although he had deliberately dissociated himself from John's supposed heretical views when John was condemned around 1082. A few years after the trial of Italus, he wrote a dialogue and treatise on the use of icons directed against Leon, the bishop of Chalcedon, who had accused the emperor Alexius Comnenus of sacrilege and iconoclasm in the way in which he had stripped the churches of gold to fund his wars. For this he gained the emperor Alexios I's friendship, and this probably helped him to become Metropolitan bishop of Nicaea. Eustratius was said by Anna Comnena to have been wise both in mundane and in religious matters and especially expert in argument. Nevertheless he found himself accused of heresy in 1117 and a charge was placed before the Synod of Constantinople which narrowly succeeded despite a defense by Patriarch John IX of Constantinople. As a result of the condemnation Eustratius was formally suspended for life. Two commentaries by Eustratius on the works of Aristotle survive: Commentary on the Posterior Analytics and Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics, books 1 and 6." - WN Biography.

    Ahmanson/Murphy 282. Hoffmann II: 117.2. Renouard 116:6. Fletcher 116. Kalllendorf/Wells 262. STC Italy 103. BMSTC 46. EDIT cnce 18395.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    August, 2015
    5th Wednesday
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