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    Gaceta Del Gobierno Supremo del Estado e Coahuila y Texas, four pages, 8.5" x 11.5". "Impenta del gobierno รก cargo del C. Sisto Gonzalez." Volume 3 Number 97. [Monclova], July 29, 1835. In the period 1829 - 1835, the government of Coahuila and Texas issued four official periodicals. The Gaceta was the second and most prominent periodical, being published weekly from January 1833 through August 1835 and being numbered 1-99. It was first published from the city of Leona Vicario until March 1833, when the capital of the state of Coahuila and Texas was moved to Monclova. Issues after that date were then published from Monclova. In early 1835, gaps between publications began until the last issue dated August 12, 1835. By that time there were no relations between the state government at Monclova and Texas.

    This issue prints the communication of July 8th to Don Miguel Falcon, Governor of the State, from Rafael Eca y Musquiz, Minister of the Supreme Court - President Santa Anna has asked Musquiz to assume the Executive Power of the state. He directed Musquiz to "calm the spirit of discord in Texas and to apply the severity of the law to those who attempt to pervert the tranquility and excite commotion." In May, Gov. Agustine Viesca, with the aid of Texian Ben Milam, had left Monclova with the government archives to make Bexar (San Antonio) the capital of the department of Texas. A hard faction had developed between Saltillo and Monclova. Viesca and the remaining members of his legislature were arrested by Commandant Martin Perfecto de Cos in Coahuila. The last part of this issue contains an editorial commenting on the actions of Viesca and the two opposing parties within the government of Mexico: "We believe, without fear of error, that in the Texas Colonies there does not exist aims of overthrowing the government; and, if this were to happen it would be for the good and happiness of [Mexico], since confronting a foreign enemy as we may call the Colonists, the two opposing parties in the nation will unite and teach the ungrateful a lesson. During this fight the government of Mexico will become robust. We will give documentation to the public which affirms it, and ridicule the claims of our enemies. Do not believe the unjust followers of the previous administration nor the Colonists." In September 1835, Cos was sent by Santa Anna to investigate the refusal of Texans at Anahuac to pay duties imposed by the government. General Cos dispersed the legislature of Coahuila and Texas, then in session at Monclova, landed 300 men at Matagorda Bay, established headquarters in San Antonio, and declared his purpose of ending resistance in Texas. His demands were resisted; a force of Texans under Stephen F. Austin and Edward Burleson held the Mexican troops in the siege of Bexar until Cos surrendered after an attack led by Ben Milam in December 1835.

    The first fire of the Texas battle for independence had been lit. This is one of only two known copies of this issue. The other is in the Saltillo Archives. There is mid-horizontal browning from what appears to be plastic tape with resulting creases. In apparent fine condition. Matted and framed to 17" x 27.5". Color photocopies of pages two, three, and four are in a pocket affixed on verso of the frame. From the collection of Darrel Brown.


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