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    Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company on the colonization of Texas

    Address to the Reader of the Documents relating to the Galveston Bay & Texas Land Company, which are contained in the Appendix. New York: Printed by G.F. Hopkins & Son, 44 Nassau-Street. January 1, 1831. 37 pp. Appendix 69 pp. Quarto.

    The Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company was founded in New York on October 16, 1830, for the purpose of colonizing lands assigned to empresarios Joseph Vehlein, David G. Burnet, and Lorenzo de Zavala. Two months later, on December 27, 1830, the Galveston Bay Company dispatched the schooner Angelia from New York with fifty-seven emigrants sent to prepare temporary quarters and plant crops for the prospective settlers.

    In January 1831, the company issued this booklet which contained announcements of company policy, contract terms, and the provisions of the Law of April 6, 1830 concerning colonization. Because of this law, which prohibited further immigration to Texas from the United States, Mexican officials refused to let the passengers on the Angelia locate land or settle, even though most of them were supposed to be from Germany or Switzerland. The immigrants were allowed to stay and given permission to build huts and plant gardens on the Trinity River. In short order, a second boatload of colonists arrived, also finding themselves without prospect of title or land. Following this, the company apparently decided that further literature was useless until after the repeal of the Law of April 6, 1830 became effective in May, 1834.

    The Articles of Association printed in the appendix provide for one thousand shares of capital stock and for scrip, and give the text of their respective certificates. There are also English translations of various other documents, including: the Law of April 6, 1830; the texts of the Empresario Grants and their accompanying papers; the Colonization Laws of January 4, 1823, August 18, 1824, and March 24, 1825; and the Regulations For Surveys dated September 4, 1827. Winkler suggests that the Law of April 6, 1830 appeared in English translation here for the first time. This is almost certainly the case as far as its appearance in a book or pamphlet form is concerned.

    A most important document relating to the early colonization of Texas. Contemporary cloth-half leather case, gilt lettering. In fine condition. From the collection of Darrel Brown.

    Reference: Streeter Texas 1123. Rader 1521. Sabin 93710.


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    December, 2007
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