[Republic of the Rio Grande] Decree Signed "Jose Maria de Ortega" in type, one page, 8.5" x 12.25". Monterey, November 7, 1839. José Maria de Ortega was Commandante General of the Department of Nuevo Leon, a Mexican state bordering Tamaulipas, Coahuila, and Texas. This decree begins, "Compatriots! The revolution that exploded last year in the villas of the North of Tamaulipas, invoking the restitution of the federal system, concluded at the borders of Lampazos and in one of the towns of Coahuila...They again appear in the villas commanding a force composed of adventurous Texans, of Indians of several tríbes and of Mexicans that no longer deserve the name..." Lampazos is a villa in Nuevo Leon. Federalist leaders in Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, and Coahuila wanted to break away from the centralistic government of Mexico and form a new confederation called the Republic of the Rio Grande. Antonio Canales Rosillo, Governor of Tamaulipas, raised a force of Texans, Indians, Mexican deserters, adventurers, and others to invade Mexico in a purported attempt to restore Federalism according to the 1824 Mexican Constitution. Streeter states that, in this decree, "Ortega denounces the Federalists as a mixed force of Texans, Indians and traitors, belittles their victory at Alcantra, and warns that unless the citizens unite to resist them they will end up like their compatriots in Texas who are treated worse than slaves." The particular action referred to in this decree took place near Alcantra Creek where Centralist Gen. Francisco González Pavón was forced to surrender because he had no water for his troops, and is known as the Battle of Alcantra (October 3-4, 1839). His command had been decimated in an action the previous day by a group of Canales' troops made up mostly of Texans and their recruits. Lightly soiled and archivally reinforced, with a small chip along left margin.

    Reference: Streeter 945.2

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    December, 2007
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