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    Ordinances and Decrees of the Consultation, Provisional Government of Texas and the Convention, Which Assembled at Washington March 1, 1836. By Order of the Secretay [sic] of State. [Houston: National Banner Office - Niles & Co. Printers. 1838.] 156 pp. 8vo. A first edition of the laws that established the ad interim government for Texas in 1836. It contains the Declaration of the People of Texas in General Convention Assembled [November 7, 1835], the Plan and Powers of the Provisional Government of Texas [November 13, 1835], treaties with the Cherokee and Comanche Indians, and the Texas Constitution enacted March 16, 1836, at which time the enemy was literally thundering at the gates of the town of Washington, Texas. Contains the three-page index that did not issue with all copies.

    This publication contains highly important acts on the negotiations of treaties with local Indian tribes, most notably the Cherokee and the Comanche. While relations with the Comanche were tense and occasionally antagonistic, the Cherokee declared themselves neutral in the conflict between Texas and Mexico, and were thereby more generally favored by the government of the Republic.

    Anxious to ensure Cherokee neutrality, Sam Houston was sent to meet with the tribe in the fall of 1835, and hammer out a treaty. Houston was an adopted member of the Cherokee tribe and became an influential advocate of the Cherokee people. Acting on Houston's recommendation, the Texas government pledged to recognize Cherokee claims to lands north of the Old San Antonio Road and the Neches River and west of the Angelina and Sabine Rivers. Although the proposed treaty greatly reduced their landholdings, the Cherokee agreed to the accord because they believed it gave them a permanent home. Eight Cherokee leaders, including Duwali and Big Mush, signed the agreement in 1836, but the treaty was never ratified by the Texas government. Half-calf case with marbled boards, raised bands and gilt lettering at spine. Slight water damage to title and a few other pages, occasional foxing. From the collection of Darrel Brown.

    Reference: Streeter 456. Howes T133. Rader 3056. Raines, p. 229. Sabin 94959. Eberstadt, Texas 162:195. Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.

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