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    The Anatomy of Plants

    Nehemiah Grew. The Anatomy of Plants. With An Idea of a Philosophical History of Plants, and several other Lectures Read before the Royal Society. London: W. Rawlins for the Author, 1682. First complete edition. Folio. ¹4 [lacks ¹1 - imprimatur leaf,], a4, B-2I4, 2K2, 2L2--2X4, 2Y-2Z2, 3A-3C2. [20 of 22], 24, [10], 212, [4], 221-304, [20] pages. Eighty three full-page illustrations [two of which are double-page]. Eighteenth century half calf over marbled boards, rebacked. Spine banded. Title gilt, light marginal dampstain on title-page, small red wax animal seal at lower outer corner, last plate soiled at edge with small tear. Still, a very good copy. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.
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    "This key work collected together all the botanical research that Grew had presented to the Royal Society during the previous decade. Grew was a conscious pioneer in a hitherto neglected area: as he put it in dedicating his Comparative Anatomy of Trunks to Charles II in 1675, "I may, without vanity, say thus much, That it was my fortune, to be the first that ever gave a Map of the Country" . It is on his findings in this area that his reputation as a scientist is chiefly based. His work was primarily marked by his brilliant observation and description of plants and their component parts; having begun by making observations using only the naked eye, Grew supplemented these with the use of a microscope under the tutelage of his colleague Hooke... In addition, in his Discourse Concerning the Nature, Causes and Power of Mixture (1675) and his Experiments in concert of the luctation arising from the affusion of several menstruums upon all sorts of bodies (1678) Grew pursued an interest in the chemical analysis of the materia medica, following in the footsteps of another of his mentors, Robert Boyle; these were also reprinted in The Anatomy of Plants." (Oxford DNB).

    Wing G1945. ESTC r10887. Norman 946. Grolier/Horblitt 43b. Nissen/BBI 758. Le Fanu IIF 2. Henrey 162. Horblit 43b. Hunt 362. Krivatsy/NLM 4986. Norman 946. Parkinson p. 121. ESTC r10887. Pritzel 3557. Neville I, 548.

    Grew, Nehemiah. The Anatomy of Plants. With An Idea Of A Philosophical History of Plants, And several other Lectures Read before the Royal Society. London: W. Rawlins for the Author, 1682. Folio. 303 x 183mm. ¹4 [lacks ¹1],a4,B-2I4,2K2, 2L2--2X4,2Y-2Z2,3A-3C2. [20 of 22],24,[10],212,[4], 221-304,[20]p. 18th c. 1/2 calf over marbled boards, rebacked. spine banded. title gilt, lacks imprimatur leaf,light marginal dampstain on t.p., small red wax animal seal at lower outer corner,last plate soiled at edge with small tear, a very good copy. 83 full-page illustrations [2 double-page]. First Complete Edition. ÒThis key work collected together all the botanical research that Grew had presented to the Royal Society during the previous decade. Grew was a conscious pioneer in a hitherto neglected area: as he put it in dedicating his Comparative Anatomy of Trunks to Charles II in 1675, ÔI may, without vanity, say thus much, That it was my fortune, to be the first that ever gave a Map of the CountryÕ . It is on his findings in this area that his reputation as a scientist is chiefly based. His work was primarily marked by his brilliant observation and description of plants and their component parts; having begun by making observations using only the naked eye, Grew supplemented these with the use of a microscope under the tutelage of his colleague Hooke. His presentations to the society began in 1672Ð4 with the roots, branches, and trunks of plants, proceeding thereafter to their leaves, flowers, fruit, and seeds. In each area he was innovative, studying for the first time many features of plants that have since been taken for granted, such as their cell-like structure and the growth rings in wood, and deploying techniques which have since become commonplace, such as the use of transverse, radial, and tangential longitudinal sections to analyse the structure of stems and roots. He was also an innovator in the terminology he used to describe plants, first using such terms as ÔradicleÕ or ÔparenchymaÕ, a word adapted from its use in animal anatomy by Francis Glisson.
    Grew was primarily interested in the morphology and taxonomy of plants, but this led him to study plant physiology; he thus considered how buds grew, how seeds developed, and other related topics. He also recognized the sexual nature of plant reproduction, though, with characteristic modesty, he acknowledged that this idea had already occurred to the physician Sir Thomas Millington. He attempted to interpret the structure of plants in terms of their function, making fruitful use of comparison with other kinds of living things, and making much of the evidence of God's wisdom in the creation thereby revealed. In addition, in his Discourse Concerning the Nature, Causes and Power of Mixture (1675) and his Experiments in concert of the luctation arising from the affusion of several menstruums upon all sorts of bodies (1678) Grew pursued an interest in the chemical analysis of the materia medica, following in the footsteps of another of his mentors, Robert Boyle; these were also reprinted in The Anatomy of Plants. Ò [Oxford DNB]
    Wing G1945. ESTC r10887. Norman 946. Grolier/Horblitt 43b. Nissen/BBI 758.Le Fanu IIF 2. Henrey 162. Horblit 43b. Hunt 362.Krivatsy/NLM 4986.Norman 946. Parkinson p 121.ESTC r10887.Pritzel 3557.Neville I,548. Natural History. Plants. Botany. Microscopy. Science.



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