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    A Landmark Book for Treating Disease and Injury at Sea

    John Woodall. The Surgeons Mate or Military & Domestique Surgery. Discouering faithfully & plainly ye method and order of ye surgeons chest, ye uses of the instruments, the vertues and operations of ye medicines, w[i]th ye exact cures of wounds made by gun-shott, and otherwise as Namely: Wounds, Apos fumes, Ulcers, Fistula's, Fractures, dislocations, w[i]th ye most easie & safest wayes of Amputation or dismembring. The cures of the Scuruey, of ye fluxes of ye belly, of ye Collicke and Iliaca Passia, of Tenasmus and Exitus Ani, and of the Calenture, with A Treatise of ye cure of ye Plague. Published for the service of his Ma(jes)tie and of the com:(mon)wealth. [London: Rob(ert) Young ( J. Legate? and E. Purslowe), for Nicholas Bourne, 1639.] Second, enlarged edition. Folio. A6, B6 (B5+[pi]1), C-F4, G8, H-O4, P6, 2A-2R4, ¦6, 3A-3O4, 3P-3R2. [36], 29, [1], [8], 31-98, 144-275, [1], [12], 301-376, [2], 379-412, 11, [1]; [36], 26, [8], 27-98, 141-275, [13], 301-412, [12] pages. Engraved title-page by G. Glouer with nine portraits [incl. Woodall] and emblem, four (of five; lacks the equestrian portrait of Charles I.) engraved plates, woodcut allegorical representation of Mercury on page 225; woodcut astrological and alchemical symbols on pages 248-260; folding letterpress table. Contemporary calf, rebacked and partly recornered, some scuff marks and rubbing on sides, title gilt on red morocco label; small rust-hole in folding plate, long laminated repair in 3M1-3M2, marginal support on plate facing page 412, some waterstaining and soiling, old notations on endsheet, occasional marginal pen trials. Still, a very good copy. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.
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    Woodall, John. The Surgeons Mate or Military & Domestique Surgery. Discouering faithfully & plainly ye method and order of ye surgeons chest, ye uses of the instruments, the vertues and operations of ye medicines, w[i]th ye exact cures of wounds made by gun-shott, and otherwise as Namely: Wounds, Apos fumes, Ulcers, Fistula's, Fractures, dislocations, w[i]th ye most easie & safest wayes of Amputation or dismembring. The cures of the Scuruey, of ye fluxes of ye belly, of ye Collicke and Iliaca Passia, of Tenasmus and Exitus Ani, and of the Calenture, with A Treatise of ye cure of ye Plague. Published for the service of his Ma(jes)tie and of the com:(mon)wealth. [London:] [Rob(ert) Young ( J. Legate? and E. Purslowe), for Nicholas Bourne, ] [1639.] Folio. 297 x 200mm. A6, B6 (B5+[pi]1), C-F4, G8, H-O4, P6, 2A-2R4, ¦6, 3A-3O4, 3P-3R2. [36],29, [1], [8], 31-98, 144-275, [1], [12], 301-376, [2], 379-412, 11,[1]p.
    [36], 26, [8], 27-98, 141-275, [13], 301-412, [12] p Contemporary calf, rebacked and partly recornered, some scuff marks and rubbing on sides, title gilt on red morocco label; .small rust-hole in folding plate, long laminated repair in 3M1-3M2, marginal support on plate facing p412, some waterstaining and soiling, old notations on endsheet, occ. marginal pen trials.

    Engraved t.p. by G. Glouer with 9 portraits [incl. Woodall] and emblem, 4 (of 5, lacks the equestrian port. of Charles I.) engraved plates, woodcut allegorical representation of Mercury on page 225; woodcut astrological and alchemical symbols on pages 248-60; folding letterpress table. Second, enlarged edition. Woodall, John (1570Ð1643), surgeon.ÓIn 1613 Woodall was appointed the first surgeon-general of the East India Company, probably recommended by Sir Thomas Smyth, its governor and his patron. Responsible for selecting surgeons, treating injured workmen at the company's small dockside hospital at Blackwall (Poplar), and supplying ships with surgeons' chests, he published in 1617 The Surgions Mate, or, A Treatise É of the Surgions Chest, the first good medical textbook of its kind in English, chiefly written for young sea surgeons. The instruments and medicines for a surgeon's chest, with their uses, are clearly described, followed by sections on acute surgical problems, potentially lethal medical conditions, a discourse on scurvy, and a treatise about alchemy and chemical medicines. Woodall's is also the earliest comprehensive clinical account of scurvy to prescribe lemon juice for its prevention and cure...Between 1626 and 1628 the BarberÐSurgeons were authorized to supply surgeons' chests for the navy, merchant marine, and the army, which prompted Woodall to publish in 1628 his Viaticum, the Path-Way to the Surgeons Chest; specializing in the treatment of gunshot wounds it was mainly designed to instruct young surgeons with the English troops who attempted to relieve Huguenots blockaded in the Atlantic port of La Rochelle. This short work and Woodall's Treatise É of É the Plague and a Treatise of Gangrene and Sphacelos were incorporated with separate title-pages in a revised and extended edition of The Surgeons Mate, or, Military and Domestique Surgery in 1639. Dedicated to Charles I, it contains an equestrian portrait of the king engraved by William Marshall and a fine plate illustrating Woodall's own invented hand trephine, safely used for cutting holes in skulls for the next three centuries. His detailed description of the amputation of sphacelos, or dead tissue, at the upper limit of established gangrene, enabling him to save more than a hundred lives, was long accepted as a standard work on the subject. A discourse on venereal disease and a dispensatory of medicines, promised in the epilogue to his Surgions Mate in 1617, never materialized...
    In or before 1612 he had presented the BarberÐSurgeons' Company with a table and a picture of Paracelsus. The Surgions Mate also reflects his keen interest in both theoretical and practical Paracelsian iatrochemistry and chemical medicines. A 78-page section on alchemy, written for novice ship surgeons in the 1617 edition, is expanded in the second with an extra 12-page essay entitled ÔCertain fragments concerning chirurgerie and alchymieÕ, supplemented by an excellent table of alchemical symbols and a glossary of alchemical terms... Elias Ashmole acquired several of Dee's rare manuscript books and papers, found in the secret drawer to a chest belonging to Woodall, who also knew Dee's son Arthur, the alchemical writer.Ò [Oxford DNB.]
    Young printed the first set of signatures, apparently Legat printed the second and Purslowe the third [see STC.]. STC 25963. ESTC s95910. Garrison/Morton 2144 & 3177 (1st ed.)Not in Pritchard. Medicine. Occult. Alchemy. Iatro-Chemisty. Surgery. Plague. Disease. Sailing. Marine. Astrology. Military.



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    Auction Dates
    October, 2014
    8th Wednesday
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